Nonverbal Communications

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Communication is one of the most crucialaspects of humanity. It comes in many formats, but the two commonlyknown types are inclusive of verbal and nonverbal communications.Specifying on nonverbal communication, you can note that it has manycategories. Touch is one of the many categories of nonverbalcommunication[ CITATION Lea15 l 1033 ].Morris and Argyle are some of thescholars who specialized in the study of touch and even came up witha theory to support their findings. The theory concentrates on howthe male and the female gender utilizes touch to portray theiremotions. The theory also pinpoints the differences on how the twogenders touch. This context will consider a few pictures, indicatehow the aspect of touch comes out in each of them and relate thepictures to the touch theory.

The photos describe varying situations, whichdepict the aspect of touch. The first photo depicts two women whoseem to be holding each other while standing. On woman holds thehands of the other while the second has her hand on the waist of theother woman. The second picture depicts two men, who are sitting,whereby one man places his hand on the shoulders of the other. Thethird picture depicts a man holding a young girl, presumably hisdaughter or someone closely affiliated with them. The final picturedepicts a man and a young boy. The young boy is leaning his knees ofthe man who seems to be playing some game.

The first picture gives a mixed view onemotions since two women who are touching. It could indicate a deepfriendship or even a romantic form of relationship. The secondpicture indicating two men whereby one is placing his hand on theshoulders of the other seems to indicate a father and sonrelationship give the ease that they seem to be taking the situation.The third picture could depict a grandfather/granddaughterrelationship due to the seemingly large age gap between the two. Thefinal picture could depict a brother/ brother relationship since abrother is more likely to engage in gaming activity rather than afather.

All these pictures depict a range of mixedemotions and sound understanding concerning the touching theory. Thetheory suggests that if a man is involved in touching, then anger isthe emotion in transit, but this does not seem to be the case inthese pictures. Considering that 75% of the picture involves at leastone man, yet there does not seem to be an anger emotion arising,confuses the reader. On the positive side, the picture involving twowomen, in one way or the other aligns with the touching theory. Thetheory highlights that either sympathy or happiness may arise if awoman/ feminine gender is involved in the touching process. Thisseems to be the case as the two women seem to be happy. The otherpicture involving a young girl also elicits a sympathy emotion, whichis also in line with the theory explanations.


According to Argyle and Morris, touch cancommunicate a varying range of emotions such as happiness, anger, andsympathy. Touching may arise between varying genders to indicate howthey communicate their emotions[ CITATION Mic13 l 1033 ].Depending on how human beings touch each other, it is possible todecode their current emotions. Anger emotion tends to arise if atleast one male is involved in thetouching process. Sympathy emotion is notable if at least one femaleis involved in the touching process, while the happiness emotion maybe identifiable if only the feminine gender is involved in thetouching process. Argyle describes touch as part of the immediacybehavior, which relies on vision. Major theories of intimacy such asthe equilibrium theory borrowed heavily from argyles principles byhighlighting the use of gaze to a partner as a way of indicatingintimacy or interest. The vision aspect comes up when the audienceremembers details regarding a speech if they saw the speaker but ifnot they remember fewer details.

Morris indicated that touching is notrestricted to only gendered touching, anger, sympathy or happinessemotions, by highlighting over 457 different forms of touching (bodycontact)[ CITATION Bur16 l 1033 ]. Forexample, Morris highlights that heterosexual couples in a romanticrelationship may touch to communicate their emotions. Some of theseaspects of touch are inclusive of eye,body, and voice. These aspects depict behavior, which entails theusage of hands, arms, shoulders, waist, mouth, breast, and genitals.According to Argyle studies, gender asymmetries arise to depict agiven degree of accuracy in the communication of distinct emotionsespecially when touch is the medium of communication. Generally, menlike to conceal their emotions, so are not accustomed to touching, asit would reveal their emotions. Therefore, it is only logical theywould only allow touching to occur between persons they are close to,such as their sons, daughters or their fathers. On the other hand,women are more likely to touch as their emotions are normally on thesurface and more clearly pronounced.


Tosum up, we have seen how touching is one of the most crucial aspectsof nonverbal communication. According to related studies on thesubject, humanity will normally use touch as a way of communicatingtheir emotions. These emotions are inclusive of anger, happiness, andsympathy. Gendered touching occurs between various genders anddepicts how they portray their emotion as a method of communication.The pictures in question are samples that are applicable incombination with the touching theory to depict how human beingsportray their emotions. Despite the theory working out in somescenarios, it is worthwhile to appreciate that it may fail to applyion all situations as seen in the case of the picture involving themasculine gender.


Argyle, M. (2013.). Bodily Communication (2nd ed.). London &amp New York: Routledge.

Burgoon, J. K. (2016). Nonverbal Communication. London &amp New York: Routledge.

Leathers, D. G. (2015). Successful Nonverbal Communication: Principles And Applications. London &amp New York: Routledge.