Normalis described as an individual action that relates to the society`scollective behavior. If a person conforms to what is deemedappropriate, he is regarded as normal. Normal is the opposite ofabnormal or deviant behavior. However, the definition of what isnormal can vary across time, people, place, situations and everchanging rules and norms of the society. Deviant is described as abehavior that is not normal where an individual goes againstsociety`s norms. An abnormal behavior includes excessive gambling,stealing, walking naked in public, playing with fire among otheracts. However, deviant behavior varies across different cultures,countries and time. In Africa, girls are circumcised, and it isdeemed appropriate among certain cultures, but in other parts of theworld, it is regarded as a backward culture that goes beyond what isnormal. The purpose of the paper is to analyze what constitutes anormal or deviant behavior in the society.
Thesocial factors that affect how an individual is regarded as eithernormal or deviant, include lack of religious education, impropersocialization, marital problems that give rise to broken families,lack of basic needs, the influence of the media and living in slumsamong others. The factors that affect how a person regards thedecision to end the life of another include religious beliefs, fearof death and fear of dependency. One who has a strong faith inreligion regards life as precious and that it is God who has a rightto end life. The church doctrines teach about preservation of life.Thus it would be difficult for someone who is a staunch believer topractice euthanasia, abortion and capital punishment (Chakraborty,El-Jawahri, Litzow, Syrjala, Parnes and Hashmi, 2017).Secondly, people who have strong religious beliefs tend to have lessfear of death compared to non-religious people. The elderly do notfear death as compared to the young generation. This attitude mayinfluence the decision to conduct euthanasia on someone (Holden,1993).Thirdly, individuals always fear being a burden to their families,and family members regard the issue of medical costs when thinkingabout a terminally ill patient. The fear of dependency can influencehow they handle mercy killing and other forms of ending life.
Finally,I concur with the conclusion reached by the author in stating thatreligious belief is an important aspect of deciding how to end life.In the church doctrine, we are taught not to condone any form ofkilling, and if one is a believer, he would be reluctant to killanother human even if they are in pain. It is God who takes life thusa terminally ill person should wait for God to take his life. Ibelieve every action performed on earth has a consequence in theafterlife.
Chakraborty,R., El-Jawahri, A. R., Litzow, M. R., Syrjala, K. L., Parnes, A. D.,& Hashmi, S. K. (2017). A systematic review of religious beliefsabout major end-of-life issues in the five major worldreligions. Palliative& Supportive Care,1-14.
Holden,J. (1993). Demographics, attitudes, and afterlife beliefs ofright-to-life and right-to-die organization members. TheJournal of social psychology, 133(4),521-527.