ORIGINSOF THE COLD WAR
Thecold war was a restricted rivalry between the Soviet Union, theUnited States and their corresponding allies that developed afterSecond World War1.The War constituted economic, political and propaganda contention andhad limited use of weapons. There are various schools of thoughtexplaining the origin of the Cold War. This study will describe twoapproaches namely traditionalism and revisionism2.Traditionalistmaintains that cold war resulted from the aggression of the SovietUnion in its attempt to expand and thus was the single source of theconfrontation. By the end of Second World War, Soviet Union adoptedthe expansionist policy with the intention of dominating EasternEurope to expand its influence3.Soviet Union aggression caused the United stated to get involved tostop the hostility thereby leading to cold war4.According to traditionalism, Soviet Union was the villain while theUnited States was the hero whose core mission was to protect theother countries from the purported threats of communism. On the otherside, revisionist declared that cold war was to be viewed through adifferent perspective. According to revisionist, the United Statesstarted the conflict and thus was the aggressor5.Consequently, United States was the villain while the Soviet Unionwas the hero. The United States started the conflict after seeingthat the Soviet Union was growing stronger to the extent of becominga real threat. Nevertheless, some revisionist asserted that both theSoviet Union and the United States ventured into events thatculminated in the war6.Irrespective of the diverse views, revisionist maintained that theUnited States was to bear more responsibility for the cause of thewar. Revisionist’s claim replaced the traditionalist approach whereit was believed that evil men started a confrontation by venturinginto the affairs of other countries and real people were fightingthem off to save the invaded states7.
Revisionismis the most probable and plausible approach. The reason is that theSoviet Union wanted to expand to the Eastern Europe to deter theUnited States and the established allies from encircling it andexpanding its influence in Europe8.Consequently, the expansion to the east was a defensive mechanismsuggested and implemented by the Soviet Union leaders. Similarly,Soviet Union had already been weakened after the Second World Warwhere the Germans had invaded them and thus could not have caused areal threat to the United States. Besides, the first atomic bomb tobe tested by the Soviet Union was in 1949 meaning that united statedwas unchallenged until then9.There is also the argument that, cold war started in the nineteenthcentury where East Asia allowed trading and other collaborationsbetween them and the United States. Additionally, United States wasso determined in its expansionist policy that it wanted to ensureevery state was a partner regarding trade, influence, and markets10.Besides, the United States determination to use the atomic bomb tobomb Nagasaki and Hiroshima was driven not by the failure of Japan tosurrender but to threaten the Soviet Union11.Accordingly, the bomb was mostly meant to warn the Soviet Union thatthey could be destroyed by the same bomb if they are to continueexpanding. Primarily, the United States organized acounterrevolutionary attempt to enhance and emphasize the UnitedStates policy to expand its regional influence12.There is also the feeling that the United States got involved in thewar with the intention of expanding its political and economicprerogatives and not necessarily defeating the Soviet Union. As well,Soviet Union’s influence in Poland was peaceful and that it did notamount to aggression13.Accordingly, Soviet Union was not aggressive in its expansionistpolicy but was attempting to defend itself against United States zealto extend its influence East Asia thus making the region a pertinenttrading empire.
Dudziak,Mary L. 2014. ColdWar civil rights: race and the image of American democracy.Princeton, N.J. Woodstock: Princeton University Press.
Immerman,Richard H. 2013. TheOxford handbook of the Cold War.Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.
Schmidt,Elizabeth. 2013. Foreignintervention in Africa: from the Cold War to the War on Terror.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Végső,Roland. 2015. Thenaked communist: Cold War modernism and the politics of popularculture.New York: Fordham University Press.
1 Immerman, Richard H. The Oxford handbook of the Cold War. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. 2013, pp.42.
2 Dudziak, Mary L. Cold War civil rights: race and the image of American democracy. Princeton, N.J. Woodstock: Princeton University Press. 2014, pp.54.
3 Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa: from the Cold War to the War on Terror. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2013, pp. 103.
4 Immerman, Richard H. The Oxford handbook of the Cold War. 2013, pp.36.
5 Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa. 2013, pp., 65.
6 Végső, Roland. The naked communist: Cold War modernism and the politics of popular culture. New York: Fordham University Press. 2015, pp. 121.
7 Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa. 2013, pp. 87.
8 Végső, Roland. The naked communist. 2015, pp. 45.
9 Immerman, Richard H. The Oxford handbook of the Cold War. 2013, pp. 91.
10 Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa. 2013, pp. 75.
11 Végső, Roland. The naked communist. 2015, pp. 61.
12 Schmidt, Elizabeth. Foreign intervention in Africa. 2013, pp.78.
13Végső, Roland. The naked communist. 2015, pp.93.