Overcoming the Digital Divide

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GLOBALIZATION 1

Overcomingthe Digital Divide

Digitaldivide is an issue that creates a gap in the society. It isassociated with use, impact, and access to information technology.Information technology has penetrated the current society from thelabor market, to governance, and other sectors. However, inequalityis witnessed in the society because digital divide has intensified.Challenges associated with access to information and digitalresources have raised a concern that needs to be solved. Aspects suchas educational level, infrastructure, age, and personal preferencesinfluence the growth of digital divide. Strategies have beenimplemented that are determined to minimize or eliminate the gapcreated by the uneven integration of information and communicationtechnology. Diverse benefits such as social inclusion and economicgrowth can be witnessed if digital divide is effectively overcome.The internet supports tools and services that enable people to shareideas and accomplish different tasks. The computer illiterateindividuals do not understand or know the advantages of technology.Both developed and developing countries are facing challenges andstruggling with the issue of the digital divide. Access is animportant condition that needs to be enhanced when solving digitaldivide. Equal access to information technology eliminates possiblechallenges that restrict income generation. The exclusion of digitaldivide can influence significant benefits to the society becauseeducational, social, and economic disparities are prevented.

Andreasson, K. (2012). Smart policies to close the digital divide:best practices from around the world. A report from theEconomic Intelligence Unit. London: The Economist Intelligence UnitLimited.

Theauthor says that digital divide has existed in the society for a longtime, and has been addressed in various reports. The high rate oftechnological developments has initiated the application ofstrategies that bridge the digital gap. Digital divide hinders theefforts of individuals to access health, education, and otherservices. The article claims that governments have recently madeimportant progress in enhancing access to information technology. Forinstance, mobile and fixed connections have been universallyimplemented in various developed countries. Policies have also beenapplied that focus on eliminating the digital divide. Closing the gapbetween different countries is also necessary because the world isever moving at greater speeds. The article gives an instance of howthe establishment of 4G networks can influence the expansion of thegap between countries. An uneven introduction of informationtechnology across the world lead to the development of some areas asothers lags behind. Policymakers need to ensure that the relevantskills are provided to the entire population to facilitate theirpotential to apply information technology. The digital divide islikely to continue in future because technology keeps on changing.Reduction or closure of the digital gap does not mean that theconcern is permanently solved because another gap may emerge orwidens. The author suggests that smart policies need to beimplemented that focus on future digital challenges.

Broadbent, R., &amp Papadopoulos, T. (2013). Bridging the digitaldivide–An Australian story. Behaviour &amp InformationTechnology, 32(1), 4-13.

Thearticle argues that employment, economic, and education prospects arenegatively affected by the digital divide. The authors argue thatprojects have been established that focus on promoting access toinformation technology in the Australian society. Case study data wasanalyzed to determine the effects of internet access or availabilityon individuals’ lives. Qualitative data was collected using amulti-method strategy. Barriers to information technology access wereacquired through engagement of individuals during the research. Thedigital divide has triggered discussion across the world that aim atestablishing an effective mitigation method. Predictions have beenmade indicating that digital gap will continue to widen and becomewider in future, if relevant measures are not implemented. Globaltechnological changes that are witnessed currently will intensifyinequalities and disparities among individuals. The article statethat people who are negatively affected in the digital divide aredisconnected from a specific world that is experienced by others. Theimpacts that are associated with the elimination of digital divideare diverse. Future research needs to be conducted to evaluate howdevelopments are triggered by the implementation of informationsociety. Technology has been integrated with various processes in therecent society. A society that neglects the concept is likely to lagbehind because its residents become disadvantaged.

Charleson, D. M. (2012). Bridging the digital divide: Enhancingempowerment and social capital. Journal of SocialInclusion, 3(2), 6-19.

Charlesonclaims that the inequality influenced by digital divide develop asignificant problem of injustice. Marginalized or disadvantagesindividual may not be aware of their rights or legal requirements oftheir country. The rapid distribution and development of digitalmedia over the previous year’s makes access to informationtechnology to be crucial. The article argues that in most developedcountries, information technology control how individuals work,communicate, and learn. The operations of the world depend on thesuccess of media communication. The paper argues that cultural andsocial divide is likely to be witnessed if information technology isnot incorporated in communication strategies. Different factors areassociated with the wide digital gap such as ethnic, racial,educational, and economic lines. Technology empowers individuals andpromotes their productivity and ability to fulfill their needs.Recently, individuals have organized campaigns that alert thedisadvantaged individuals on the need to integrate technology intotheir daily processes. Moreover, governments in various countrieshave witnessed the benefits of information technology and haveadopted strategies that enhance its implementation. Elimination ofdigital divide is essential because it improves the administration ofjustice. The author claims that inclusion can be facilitated byincorporating technology in communication methods. As a result,democracy and social justice will be realized across the world.

Ohemeng, F. L. K., &amp Ofosu-Adarkwa, K. (2014). Overcoming theDigital Divide in Developing Countries: An Examination of Ghana’sStrategies to Promote Universal Access to Information CommunicationTechnologies (ICTs). Journal of Developing Societies,30(3), 297-322.

Thearticle claim that the development and implementation of informationtechnology is a strategy that helps to minimize underdevelopment inthe developing countries. The digital divide has led to unevendevelopment across the world. Developed countries have integratedtechnology in different sectors such as production and transport thatfacilitate the smooth running of processes. The efforts to eliminatedigital divide are hindered by diverse factors that need to beeliminated. Service delays, corruption, and poor accountability areproblems that can be terminated using information technology.Governments in the developing countries are struggling and usingresources to develop and use technology in productive lines. Thedigital divide is a key issue that hinders performance in differentcountries. The authors claim that public and government support isneeded for effective utilization of information technology. Onlinelearning is a service that can be facilitated by effective access tointernet and information technology. Digital divide prevents peoplefrom enjoying the benefits associated with technologicaladvancements. Countries need to cooperate and help others inattaining a digital level that is beneficial to their people andorganizations. The article claim that the issue of digital dividerequires a global attention. Elimination of the problem wouldinfluence the equal distribution of resources and development.

Pun, M. (2013). Bridging the Digital Divide. Journal ofInformation Technology Applications &amp Management,20(3), 105-127.

Thearticle discusses the application of technology in offering servicesin different sectors. The author argues that healthcare, education,and other sectors view information technology as an importantinstrument. People who are aware of the capabilities of technologyaccess services in a quick and reliable way. Technology improvescommunication, which is essential for successful economic and socialdevelopment. The article outlines methods that can be used toeliminate digital divide such as funding technology implementation.Developing countries lack the capital to aid strategies focused onthe growth of technology. Technical skills are also necessary foreffective minimization of the digital gap. Governments need toimplement education systems that incorporate information technologyin learning. The author claims that digital equality cannot beachieved if a group of illiterate people exists in the society.Affordable devices also need to be established to ensure thatindividuals can afford and buy them. As a result, people will be ableto use and benefit from technological advancements. Elimination ofdigital divide is important because it leads to an even developmentof the world.

References

Andreasson, K. (2012). Smart policies to close the digital divide:best practices from around the world. A report from the EconomicIntelligence Unit. London: The Economist Intelligence Unit Limited.

Broadbent, R., &amp Papadopoulos, T. (2013). Bridging the digitaldivide–An Australian story. Behaviour &amp InformationTechnology, 32(1), 4-13.

Charleson, D. M. (2012). Bridging the digital divide: Enhancingempowerment and social capital. Journal of Social Inclusion,3(2), 6-19.

Ohemeng, F. L. K., &amp Ofosu-Adarkwa, K. (2014). Overcoming theDigital Divide in Developing Countries: An Examination of Ghana’sStrategies to Promote Universal Access to Information CommunicationTechnologies (ICTs). Journal of Developing Societies, 30(3),297-322.

Pun, M. (2013). Bridging the Digital Divide. Journal ofInformation Technology Applications &amp Management, 20(3),105-127.