Thephysical, social and emotional development of young children has anundeniable direct influence on their general development. It relatesto the type of adult that the child becomes. Research studies thatdeal with neurological studies have revealed that the childhood yearsof a child play a major role in brain development[CITATION Fla92 l 1033 ].Accordingly, the significance of understanding the necessity ofinvesting in the knowledge of pediatric growth and development cannotbe overlooked. Babies commence learning about their surrounding froma tender postnatal age. This learning is also noticeable during theprenatal and perinatal stages of life. The early childhoodexperiences affect the cognitive development such that, the way aperson thinks can easily be traced to the events that took placeduring their childhood. This paper illustrates the essence ofknowledge in pediatric growth and development, correct manner ofcommunicating with a child, and the significance of culture and ageintegration in pediatric care.
Thedetermination of the stage of a developmental milestone of a child isthe fundamental focus pediatric nursing care. It is necessary tounderstand the pediatric growth so that the nurse can easily identifylate developmental milestones in a baby [ CITATION Car03 l 1033 ].Dependingon the growth stage of the baby, the pediatric nurse can easilyadvise a mother on the rightful conditions of a baby’s environment.For instance, during the toddler stage, a nurse with adequateknowledge about growth and development of children will insist thatthe mother is the most important individual for the toddler child.The environment of such a baby shouldalso be rearranged in a manner that envisions the fact that the babyis vulnerable to falls and accidents. Also, having pediatricknowledge educates the nurse that parents who have one-year-oldbabies require education about feeding programs. This is due to theexpected decrease in appetite in the following year. Thus, theresponsibility of a pediatric nurse in the provision of anticipatoryguidance is improved through comprehension of the pediatric growthand development.
Conversingwith a child is way harder than with an adult. While an adult iscapable of reflecting on their experiences and speaking out theirfeelings, children cannot give quality and eloquent information to apediatric nurse[ CITATION Pun02 l 1033 ].The world of an adult client consists of many environments outsidethe family. On the other hand, children only have a family as theirbasic way of experiencing life. Therefore, children respond in adifferent style and to different environs from adults. Communicationwith a child includes gestures and cries. In most cases, the actionsof the children will speak out for them. This is opposed to adults,as they can verbally express themselves. Sometimes, children conveytheir messages through play. A professional who iswell trained can easily decipher the acts of a child’s play withrelation to their strange language. Since the family is a child’sworld, most of the child’s distress normally arises from familyissues.
Inconclusion, proper pediatric care is the only way we can endow thecommunity with stable individuals. The provision of pediatric carerequires the use of culture and age appropriate interventions. Somebehaviors relate to the cultural background of a child. Sometimes,some behaviors are age appropriate. Competency in culture handling isa skill necessary in the delivery of effective patient care. Duringpediatric care, a nurse is expected to treat each patient as a uniqueindividual and understand both the age and the cultural background ofa child’s community.
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