Personality Theories

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PersonalityTheories

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Psychodynamicand Humanistic Views of Personality

Personalityis a set of characteristics possessed by an individual thatinfluences his or her thoughts, sentiments, and behaviors. It issteadily shown for a period and strongly affects a person’sexpectations, morals, and attitudes. Likewise, it forecasts humanreactions to other individuals, issues and stress. The study ofpersonality focuses on understanding individual’s differences andcharacteristics (Myers, 2014).

Thepsychodynamic theory was developed by Sigmund Freud who is thefounder of psychoanalysis. It highlights the unconsciouspsychological process and further explains that childhood experiencesare vital in influencing adult personality. Freud explains that thehuman mind has the most underlying impact on human conduct. He usedfree interactions, dream evaluation and slips of the tongue to accessinsentient mind.

First,id is the original instinctive of the personality structures. It isthe only element that exists in an individual from birth. It is alsothe basis of a person’s wishes, desires and wants particularlysexual drives. Secondly, ego is a sense of identity orself-importance in a person. It pursues to satisfy the id’s needsand demands in precise ways that will have long lasting benefits.Thirdly, superego is the ethical element of personality in which theego operates it reflects the internalization of traditional rulesthat are taught by parents.

Defensemechanisms are unconscious psychological mechanisms that lessensnervousness and result from healthy or unacceptable stimuli. Thedefense mechanisms include Repression, Projection, and Denial. Inthis case, Repression is an insentient mechanism employed by the egoto continue troubling feelings. Projection involves a persons’attributing thoughts and emotions to another individual. Denial is amechanism that blocks external events from being noticed for example,if a person is not able to handle a situation he or she just refusesto experience it.

Humanisticpsychological perspective emphasizes on the study of an individual asa whole. Personality through the eyes involves an observer and theindividual who does the behavior it shows that a person’s behavioris associated with his or her inner feelings. Humanistic perspectivestresses that each individual has unique characteristics and a changein behavior will occur at a time in life. Therefore, it is clear thatas humans we are responsible for our happiness and well-being (Myers,2014).

CarlRogers’ humanistic theory of personality states that for a personto grow he or she needs a genuine and acceptable environment in theabsence of these, relationships and a healthy personality will notadvance. Carl believes that every individual can attain his or hergoals and desires in life. After achieving the goals and desires,self-actualization takes place. Moreover, Rodgers emphasizes thathumans are creative and active in that they are intended to grow indifferent ways based on their personality (Schultz, 2016).

Inconclusion, the psychodynamic perception of the mind influencesindividuals to do things while the humanistic perspective mind allowspeople to measure and apply humanity in real life situations itpersuades us to maintain a smooth relationship with the people weinteract with. Equally, the humanistic perspective is the mostinfluential factor in human development since it desires for thehuman race and positively encourages individuals to take charge oftheir fate.

References

MyersD. (2014). Psychology in everyday life. (3rd ed.). New York, NY:Worth Publishers.

Schultz,D. (2016). Theories of personality. Cengage Learning.