PolicyRecommendation Stage 2
ProblemStatement and Its Importance
Withincreased industrialization, water pollution has become a majorenvironmental challenge affecting sustainable development adversely.Water is an integral ecosystem good that is used for domestic,agricultural, and industrial purposes. Surface water sources areprone to pollution from industrial effluents, chemicals from farms,and oil spillages. A study by Cook(2014) depicted that undergroundsources of water such as wells, springs, and boreholes are alsopolluted by effluents from landfills that percolates through variouslayers of the earth’s surface to the aquifer. Outdated watertreatment approaches also contribute to the problem of waterpollution.Thiscolumn has been written purposively to ensure that water sources(both underground and surface) are safeguarded from potentialpollutants and appropriate interventions for water purification areused. The move will ensure that there is the availabilityof quality water for various uses.
PolicyChange Being Advocated
Oneof the provinces in Ontario was facing a major problem of waterpollution. Therefore, they created a water commission group whichcame up with excellent ideas to tackle the challenge and ensure thatthere is the availabilityofpollutants free water.At first, the relevant stakeholders ordered that any untreated wastesfrom the companies should not be directed to surface water bodies.The creation of this water commission group influenced otherprovinces that adopted the same intervention. The objective of thegroup was to ensure supply of clean water,especially for domestic purposes by designing measures that eradicateall the possible parameters that may contain this valuable resource.To achieve the aforementioned goal, the stakeholders brought up asystem that ensures water treatment process and rebuilding of sewagesis done in an effective manner. Despite the change, the currentpolicy still needs improvement since the commission did not put inmind that the plant will require maintenance despite fulfilling themajor objective of treating water.
Thecommission set will benefit in different ways as it will promoterecycling of hazardous waste and reuse of waste in the proposedareas. A research by Bankes,Mascher, & Olszynski (2014) affirms that hazardous wastesespecially heavy metals have detrimental impacts on undergroundwater. In this regard, the set regulationswill go a long way in minimizing the amounts of contaminants thatpercolates to the water bearing stratum.The commission should also ensure that set rules are adhered tostrictly.
Underthe existing sewage systems, the funds obtained from payment of billsare used for maintenance purposes. However, the collected cash isalways less since it is not all people who pay the bills on time andthus, causing a lot of strain to companies dealing with watertreatment. Consequently, a study by Dore (2015) ascertains thatminimum maintenance of the sewers is done and this may result inleakages of contaminants into water bodies. The commissions shouldseek financial assistance to reconstruct and maintain the plants andthe entire system from the municipal government as an interventionforimproving the existing policy.
Inconclusion, water is an important commodity that is prone topollution from a myriad of sources that can be controlled throughvarious approaches. In this light, it is important to change theexisting policies on water pollution in order to ensure that bothsurface and ground sources are safeguarded from possiblecontaminants.
Bankes,N., Mascher, S., & Olszynski, M. (2014). Can environmental lawsfulfilltheir promise? Storiesfrom Canada. Sustainability,6(9),6024-6048.
Cook,C. (2014). Governing jurisdictional fragmentation: Tracing patternsof water governance in Ontario, Canada. Geoforum,56,192-200.
Dore,M. H. (2015). Water Policy in Ontario and Europe: A Study inContrasts. In WaterPolicy in Canada(pp. 287-318). Springer International Publishing.