Political Violence

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PoliticalViolence

PoliticalViolence

Politicalviolence has brought about a humanitarian crisis in many parts of theworld. The outbreak of civil wars and the rise of global terrorgroups has contributed significantly to the instability beingwitnessed internationally. The conflicts have seen the influx ofdifferent players who are out to benefit their interests. There isneed to establish stable democratic states where the respect forrights and freedoms of the citizens are prioritized. The purpose ofthe paper is to discuss three examples of political-orientedviolence.

Thefirst case focuses on the political tensions in Turkey. As noted byKirby (2017), the country has been fighting Kurdish militants andpreventing the violence in the neighboring Syria from escalating intotheir borders. Last year, the country battled to end a coup attemptagainst the government. On the fifteenth and sixteenth of March,2016, the nation lost 270 people following a coup attempt from amovement purportedly pioneered by an Islamic cleric living in theUnited States. The intention of the coup was to seize the government,but it failed in its mission. Turkey faces a threat from threegroups Kurdish militants, coup plotters and Islamic State (IS). InTurkey, IS has been against the government’s policy in Syria whilethe regime has been against IS taking control of major cities innorthern Syria, hence it is determined to fight them at all costs.

Thesecond example occurred in Congo whereby a shooting broke out onApril 4thafter the election results were announced. The places that weretargeted include military barracks, two police stations, andcheckpoints. The opposition attacked the government, and itreiterated with air strikes and bombing in opposition grounds in anarea known as the Pool, in which thirty people were killed (Benn andChauvet, 2016). A former military group known as the ninja is to beblamed for the attacks. In Congo, the violence broke out because oftwo reasons. First, people in the opposition were against theelection results stating that they were flawed and lackedtransparency. Secondly, the citizens were against the constitutionalreferendum that allowed the president to vie for the presidency at 72years when the age limit was stated as 70.

Thefinal example that has shocked the world is the Syrian War whichstarted six years ago and has continued to date with an escalatinghumanitarian crisis. Civilians have been affected by the violence assome have been forced to migrate and look for asylum in neighboringcountries. The militias and rebel groups hope to establish a Statethat is governed by the principles of democracy. The rebels hope toachieve a political transition, ensure political composition thatincludes all domestic players. The war has been overtaken byextremists, mainly the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL,popularly known as ISIS) and other domestic players (Abboud, 2016).

Thetype of Violence discussed in the articles is Revolutionary Violenceand Coup Violence, the two most common political violence in theworld (Roskin, Cord, James, Medeiros and Jones, 2013). For Congo andSyria, it is the revolutionary violence that broke as a result ofpeople opposing the current regime and calling for fresh leadership.In Turkey, it was a coup under which rebel groups who were againstthe current administration wanted to overthrow the government.

Insummary, global leaders and international organizations such as theUnited Nations should work together to ensure that peace prevails inall countries. Political leaders should not instigate violence amongthe citizens as this is the greatest threat to democracy. Everycountry has a constitution that needs to be followed to the latter.

References

Abboud,S. (2016, March 15). The Syrian conflict does not end here.Aljazeera.Retrieved fromhttp://www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/03/syrian-conflict-160315072807168.htmlBenn,M and Chauvet, C. (2016, June 2).PoliticalViolence Roils the Republic of Congo.The New York Times. Retrieved fromhttps://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/03/world/africa/congo-brazzaville-denis-sassou-nguesso.html?_r=1Kirby,P. (2017, January 5). Turkey violence: How dangerous is Turkey`sinstability? BBC.Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34503388

Roskin,M.G., Cord, R.L., James A. Medeiros, J.A., and Jones, W.S. (2013).Political Science: An Introduction, 13thEdition. Pearson