Populationhas immensely increased in the past century with studies estimatingthat the world’s population may end up reaching 11 billion by theend of this century (Khomami n. p). This is estimated to be a fiftypercent increase from today’s statistics. Over the past fiftyyears, the number of individuals has grown with the youth dominatingby the largest percentage compared to the old and the children.Improvement of technology has been the main reason behind populationincreases as mortality rate, especially in the case of infants, hassignificantly reduced (Martinez 108). Nowadays, dangerous diseasesthat used to claim the lives of many children, such as tuberculosisand diabetes can be controlled and the majority of them grow healthyand vigorous. There are numerous causes of population increase, andthis is the root objective of the essay.
Tobegin with, food production increase over the past few decades hasimproved the living standards of many. Availability of food causes anincrease in population as it is enough to cater for all and masses ina community. Problems such as malnutrition and hunger have beensignificantly reduced as a result of improved food production methods(Martinez 108). Additionally, a high birth rate, which is also knownas “The natural increase of human population” is another cause ofthe explosion of the population (Khomami n. p). The infant mortalityrate in the 20th Century was high due to poor health resources andfacilities such that people had to go a long way to seek medicalassistance. However, the decentralization of health care services hashelped save a lot of lives.
Peaceand tranquility among community have also affected population growth.War and hostility have been reduced, and this has helped a lot,especially in war-stricken areas such as Afghanistan (Martinez 108).Apart from this, industrial growth by each year has enabled a lot ofknowledgeable individuals to look and acquire employmentopportunities. This, in turn, has improved their standards of livingas many are in a position to cater for their families. According torecent research, Europe is the only continent that has a moderateincrease in the number of people (Khomami n. p). Thus, this is due tonumerous claims, which state that many of its inhabitants are movingto other areas in search of business opportunities and education.
Multiplecountries and states have come up with various legislative enactmentsto reduce the rate at which population is increasing. For instance,China, which is known to be the most populated country has amended alaw that allows each couple to only have an average of two childrenin every family (Martinez 108). Failure to adhere to such law may putthe family in hot soup, and relevant punishment will be passed tothem. Secondly, family planning experts have been given theresponsibility to form programs that will teach couples theimportance of family planning and the effects that come withoverpopulation. Such programs have also helped avoid earlypregnancies in youths as they are made aware of contraceptivesthrough seminars and education.
Inconclusion, it is more of a blessing to have children and fill theearth as their Creator instructed the first people. The populationhas greatly improved over the past century, and this poses a threatto the coming generation. It is important for countries to come upwith ways to control the population to avoid the many cons that comealong with overpopulation. The population issue has to be controlledbefore it overcomes the resources available.
Khomami,Nadia. UK population to hit 70 million in less than a decade. TheGuardian.Accessedathttps://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/mar/03/uk-population-to-hit-70-million-ons-in-less-than-a-decade
Martinez,Jorge. "TooMany Humans, Dwindling Resources, and Not Enough Space."EarthJurisprudence & Envtl. Just. J.6. Accessed at BBC News (2016): 108.