Domestic violence refers to deliberateintimidation, abusive behavior, battery, physical assault and/orsexual assault perpetrated as part of a sustained habit of controland power by one intimate partner against another. Domestic violenceis, therefore, wide and ranges from psychological and emotional abuseto physical and sexual violence. It also widely varies in severityand frequency although the constant feature of domestic violenceinvolves constant efforts by one partner in maintaining control andpower over the other. Domestic violence is a ubiquitous feature ofsociety the world over, and hardly any society is devoid of someelement of domestic violence within it. It is not limited to anyparticular nationality, race, religion, economic status, sexualorientation, or even age. This phenomenon is, however, a scourge thatneeds to be rid from society due to its adverse effects includinginjury or death of intimate partners and transmission of violenceideals to children. Therefore, the thesis of this paper recognizesthat prevention of domestic violence is a vital factor in theprevention of unnecessary injury and deaths across multiplegenerations.
The latter aspect concerning the multiplicityof generations is a crucial aspect of domestic violence. Since suchviolence typically occurs within the home setting, children are theprimary witnesses of domestic violence. Studies have shown thatchildren who grow up exposed to incidents of domestic violence withintheir homes will have a higher likelihood of perpetrating domesticviolence when adults [CITATION Moy10 l 1033 ].Therefore, one way of preventing future incidents of domesticviolence is by reducing children’s exposure to acts of domesticviolence within their homes, which may be accomplished by removingthem from the abusive home or dealing with the cause of domesticviolence, hence reducing its prevalence.
Injury and death are however the most adverseeffects of domestic violence. Within the U.S., it has been shown thatintimate partner homicide accounts for one-third of all femalehomicide victims [ CITATION Sch14 l 1033 ].This shocking statistic demonstrates just how deadly domesticviolence quickly becomes. The intensityof domestic violence escalates over time, and its initial signs maybe easily downplayed or dismissed, for example, distrust,possessiveness, threats, or name-calling. Such actions may beaccompanied by profuse apologies by the perpetrator in an attempt todemonstrate their care and love for their partner. Despite theseapologies, violence gradually intensifies growing from perceivablyharmless behavior to potentially deadly acts of violence. Lack ofphysical abuse should not be assumed to mean a lack of domesticviolence since psychological and emotional abuse can be just asdamaging, if not more damaging, than physical abuse. Therefore, onemajor onus of preventing domestic violence is in the preservation ofhealth, well-being, and life.
Departure or escape of the domestic violencevictim does not necessarily mean prevention of any further domesticviolence or abuse. This is because perpetrators of domestic violence,in experiencing a feeling of loss of control over their partners,often continue to threaten, harass, and stalk the victim after theirescape. Actually, the period following the escape of a victim fromtheir abusive partner is often the most dangerous time for them.Vittes and Sorenson [CITATION Vit08
l 1033 ]found that a significant number of domestic abusers who hadrestraining orders placed against them resorted to murder of theirvictims, with 20% of such murders occurring within the first two daysof receiving the order, and 0ver 33% occurring within the initialmonth.
Therefore, prevention of domestic violence goesbeyond physical separation of the intimate partners and shouldencompass protective services offered to the victim following theirescape from their abusive partner. In this respect, people oftenwrongly place blame on the victim for opting to remain within theirabusive relationship, failing to recognize that ceasing the abuse haslittle to do with leaving the relationship, and more to do with safeescape from the perpetrator. As mentioned earlier, the time followingthe escape of an abuse victim is typically the most dangerous timefor them as a significant number of intimate partner murders arecommittee during this period. Other than the assurance of safeescape, ceasing domestic abuse also depends on the perpetrator`swillingness to stop the abuse as well as other institutions, such asthose within the criminal justice system, holding the perpetratoraccountable for the abuse inflicted.
Due to the prevalence of domestic violence, itis categorized as a public health problem by the Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention (CDC). The primary, and most effective methodof dealing with health problems is preventing them before theymaterialize, a fact that similarly applies to domestic violence.Therefore, the earlier mentioned prevention methods that include safeescape, perpetrator change of heart, and criminal justice arereactionary solutions. The best prevention, therefore, entailsstopping the violence before it occurs via the use of techniques forpromoting health behavior in relationships. Furthermore, programsthat impart vital skills such as problem solving and communicationskills on young people also have the potential to prevent violence.Prevention of current incidents of violence also helps in preventingfuture violence since children will not be exposed to inappropriatebehaviors and ideals.
Moylan, C. A. (2010). The Effects of Child Abuse and Exposure toDomestic Violence on Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems. Journal of Family Violence, 25(1), 53.
Scheller, A. (2014, October 9). At Least A Third Of All Women Murdered In The U.S. Are Killed By Male Partners. The Huffington Post. Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiwm8nspOTSAhWBF5QKHbFyCr4QFggbMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.huffingtonpost.com%2F2014%2F10%2F09%2Fmen-killing-women-domesti_n_5927140.html&usg=AFQjCNECtHhiIOSSrqM9o716aFE
Vittes, K. A., & Sorenson, S. B. (2008). Restraining orders among victims of intimate partner homicide. Injury Prevention, 14(3).