Rural Sociology is the study of social structure and problemsaffecting the rural areas. The conflicts arise on how the resources,agricultural and food materials are utilized in the rural areas.Other areas involved are environmental sociology, natural resourcessociology and demographic patterns. The paper will argue on ruralpeople economic opportunities basing the argument an evidencereported by Springer.
In the past 90 years, Southern Oregon was a region that was inhabitedby natural forests. The forests led to the development of sawmillinstitutions, which helped in the production of fuels before WorldWar II. It also helped in settlement of people from Rural West. Theresources aided in development of the local community. Lumbering wastheir daily activity and their only source of income, this developsthe idea of cultural tool kit (Brown and Shafft, 206).Theresources have been destroyed, which have resulted in the shutdown ofmore than 20 mills signaling the end of an era when people couldbenefit from the natural resources. The biggest sawmills were Readyand Rough and were facing the same challenge (Springer, 16). Thegovernment had introduced the endangered species act which aim was toprotect the spotted owl from becoming extinct. However, theconsequences were so painful to the local people. The region hasturned to be one of the poorest regions in Josephine County.Individual production decreases and they people cannot afford tosupport their families and pay taxes, hence the concept of socialreproduction is well portrayed. It has developed the aspect ofincreased inequality and vulnerality especially in the female gender.Females engage in immoral acts like prostitution to gain some income(Schafft, 11). Due to the reduction in revenue, it has led tosecurity department releasing two-thirds of their prisoners to remainwith the number that the prison could support due to the overstretched economies of scale. The freed inmates interactedwith other local people and raised the level of crime in this area.In this case, the aspect of differential association is developed(Brown and Shafft, 206). In addition, there is poor infrastructuredevelopment. The Republican Representative, Greg Walden, reported adestruction of jobs, economy and the revenues in general and referredthe County as lawless.
However, the House Republican provided a solution to the problem.They proposed for the restoration of Healthy Forests for HealthyCommunities Act. The act would require the county to use around 2million acres of land, which would be maintained by Oregon’sEnvironmental Laws for harvesting lumber. The bill was supported bymost of the Democrats. On the other hand, environmental groupsopposed it. The groups argued that separating such big pieces of landonly for timber would mean clear-cutting large steep slopes, whichwould destroy salmon and reduce the public values. In addition, thegroups argue that eventually the large trees would be depleted andthe region would be back to the unemployment crisis. The House passedthe bill. In addition, senior advisers recommended the United Statespresident to veto it. Once vetoed, then it would be hard forenvironmental groups to stop sales of timber and milling in theexcluded region. The involvement of the government has developed theconcept of structural society that is directly affiliated bypolitical factors. However, the bill did not take care of theendangered owl species and the destruction of natural resources. Itsolely benefited the rural people who would be employed at thesawmill factories. In addition, the proposal did not offer apermanent solution to the problem facing the rural people ofunemployment and low standards of living, which develop the conceptof relative poverty in this rural area. Trees would take quitea while to reach maturity and ready for harvesting, during thisperiod the rural people would be languishing in poverty.
In conclusion, rural sociology is viewed as a traditional act wherethe welfare of resources in the rural areas was safeguarded. However,there is a great need to embrace the idea of rural sociology. Ithelps in protecting the resources owned by a rural area andmaintaining them to increase their lifespan of serving the community.