Psychological and Emotional Effects of Cancer

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Psychologicaland Emotional Effects of Cancer

Canceris a deadliest and most severe health complication in the world.Recent World Cancer Report indicates that there were over 1.6 millionnew infections in 2016. Experts further predict that the preferencerate is likely to surge to over 57% in the subsequent 20 years(Ilbawi172).Therefore, the condition is likely to become a global disaster thatrequires renewed prevention measures. Cancer has regrettableemotional and psychological implications for patients, families,caregivers, and the entire community members. Therefore, the analysisof the psychological and emotional impacts of cancer can facilitatethe identification of reliable and lasting measures to mitigate theproblem.

Emotionaland Psychological Impacts on Patients

Scholarsand health professionals associate cancer with depression. Depressionresults to the development of sense of unhappiness and hopelessness.Studies indicate that a high number of patients suffer from clinicaldepression. Some of the common signs of depression presented bypatients include insomnia, weight loss, and fatigue. The condition iscommon during the treatment and recovery process. In most instances,the treatment process forms the main aspect the cancer management andcontrol process (Carrand Steel 79).Depression affects the patients’ ability to comply with thetreatment process. In most instances, depression occurs due to theprediction of possible outcomes of cancer. So far, healthprofessionals and experts have not identified the cure for cancer. Inmost instances, cancer result to death. The association of cancerwith death has regrettable psychological problems that result tostress and depression. Currently, experts have identified variousmeans to deal with depression among cancer patients. The sharing ofindividuals’ feelings and the engagement in productive activitiescan help to reduce depression among patients (Bar-Sela319).

Canceraffects patients’ self-esteem. In most instances, cancer underminespatients’ physical appearance. The reduction in the body size andshape is the main sign presented by cancer patients. Therefore,patients feel that they are unappealing to their friends and familymembers. Besides, cancer patients witness severe pains andfrustrations. The intensive pain has negative implications onpatients’ self-esteem that can have long-term implications on theirhealth (Cieślak121).

Canceralso develops the sense of fear. Precisely, cancer survivors areafraid of the possibility of the reoccurrence of the problem. In mostinstances, cancer results to pain that increases fear andpsychological suffering among patients. Besides, the death rate amongcancer patients is relatively high. Therefore, patients fear thepossibility losing their life due to the problem. The fear reducesthe patients’ reasoning and thinking capacity. The condition canlower patients’ ability to remember critical issues. Therefore, inmost instances, cancer affects the patients’ daily operations andactivities. Consequently, patients suffering from fear need toconsult health professionals to understand effective means to dealwith the condition. Patients also need to seek for medical care tomanage the situation.

Cancergenerates the sense of grief. Cancer affects patients’ dailyoperations and activities. The condition undermines the level ofinteraction between patients and community members. Patientssuffering from cancer lack the ability to interact with other peopledue to their physical challenges. Therefore, in most instances,patients spend most of their time meditating on their future. Canceralso develops the sense of loss or bereavement. The lack of physicalindependence, sex drive, fertility, and health results to grief.Besides, new engagements such as medical treatment result to negativeemotions that result to grief (Feng5171).

Cancerundermines the relationship and interaction between patients andother society members. The low interaction levels affect patients’emotional and psychological well-being. The condition strains theexisting distant and close relationship. Moreover, the social stigmaassociated with the condition changes the level of interaction withother members of the society. In most instances, people reactdifferently to patients who present cancer signs. Therefore, in mostinstances, patients lose most of their close friends. The physicalinability affects the previous relationship. Besides, there arelimited interactions among family members and friends.Asa result, the poor interaction levels result to stress andfrustrations. Modern scholars associate high cases of cancer-relatedhealth complications with the poor relationship that results tostress. Therefore, to address the problem, patients need to adopt aneffective mechanism to address all barriers that hinder effectivecommunication and interaction processes (Krenz77).

Survivorgenerates the sense of guilt. Studies indicate that over 65% ofcancer patients do not survive the condition (Huang576).Therefore, community members hold the perception that cancer resultsto death. Consequently, cancer survivors develop the sense of guiltyfor overcoming the condition. The prolonged sense of guilty mayresult to permanent mental problems such as depression. The feelingreduces the patients’ self-esteem. As a result, acknowledging thefeeling is the most effective means to overcome the condition. Thepsychotherapeutic support can help patients to overcome the problem(Huang576).

Cancerpatients witness isolation and discrimination in their workplace. Thereduced productivity levels create conflicts between patients andtheir employers. The accelerated conflicts have negative impacts onpatients’ mental status. Patients fear that increased infectionrisks, limited energy, and anxiety due to low performance can resultto job termination. The condition undermines teamwork and interactionlevels between patients and other employees. Therefore, patients needto share their health status with their colleagues and employers tominimize unnecessary conflicts. Health professionals encouragepatients to engage in interaction with experts to address issues oflow self-worth and uncertainty feelings.

Emotionaland Psychological Impacts on Caregivers

Cancerhas severe emotional and psychological impacts on caregivers. Recentstatistics indicate that over 39% of caregivers suffer from stress(Gaugler,Teddie and Lisiane 515).Caregiver develops stress due to strains associated with themanagement of the condition. The suffering and pains among patientsincrease caregivers’ mental problems. Furthermore, the poorrecovery process among patients increases the frustration levelsamong patients resulting to stress (Gaugler,Teddie and Lisiane 515).

Caregiversdevelop fears of the reoccurrence of the problem. Ideally, caregivershave the duty to improve patient’s health status (Fujinami54).Caregivers ensure that cancer survivors live a quality and productivelife. Therefore, the possibility of the reoccurrence of the problemresults to psychological problems among caregivers. The low contactlevels between caregivers and experts accelerate the fears of thereoccurrence of the problem.

Caregiverssuffer from depression and despair. In most instances, depressionoccurs because of emotional reaction to stress and duties associatedwith caregivers. Depression is due to the anticipatory grieving oflosing the cancer patient. The high suffering level and the lack ofreliable treatment skills advance the depression levels amongcaregivers. The patients’ suffering accelerates caregivers’mental problem. Therefore, caregivers need to generate effectivemeans to deal with possible depression. Caregivers need to use theirskills to address impacts of depression. Furthermore, the process oftaking care of cancer patients affects caregivers’ mental status.The process results to reduced ability to concentrate, insomnia,excessive sleep, and indecisiveness. The condition reducescaregivers’ ability to provide support to patients. Mental problemsoverwhelm mental, emotional, and physical energy to provide curativeduties (Romito2169).

Emotionaland Psychological Impacts of Cancer to Patient Family Members

Cancerresults to relationship strains among family members. The strains inthe family relationship emerge due to changes in roles andresponsibilities. In most instances, patients lack the capacity toengage in their normal daily activities. As a result, family membersacquire the mandate to take care of patients. The assumption of thecaring role undermines the relationship in the family. The poorrelationship among family members leads to psychological problems.The consistent conflicts between members accelerate the frustrationand depression levels (Ledderer212).

Moreover,the condition results to limited social life. Scholars associatecancer problem with the roles’ overload among family members(Gaugler,Teddie and Lisiane 515).Therefore, the limited social life has implications to familymembers’ psychological feelings. In most instances, family membersassociate patients’ problems with limited social interaction.Ideally, witnessing suffering and frustration of family membersresult to mental problems. Recent studies indicate that over 25% offamily members present signs of depression due to the patients’suffering (Cui569).As a result, health professionals encourage family members to engagein social life. The limited level of social life results to increasedmental problems.

Cancerresults to additional psychological and mental duties among familymembers (McMullen2401).Ideally, the process of taking care of cancer patients requiresadditional concentration and time. Therefore, the act of balancingpatients’ needs and family activities result to work overloadleading to mental problems. Cancer led to increased anxiety amongfamily members. Ideally, anxiety is the normal reactions to thediagnosis. Therefore, in most instances, family members feelthreatened by possible outcomes of the treatment process. The highanxiety levels among family members can result to mental problemssuch as trauma.

Statisticsindicate that cancer has regrettable implications on patients’physical activities and strengths. As a result, the patient lacks theability to engage in critical family activities such as engaging insexual intercourse. The patients’ physical inability can result tomental and psychological problems among couples. The low intimacylevels reduce the interaction levels leading to stress andfrustrations among family members.

Familymembers develop a high level of negativity and uncertainty abouttheir future (Fang2551).In most instances, family members are unaware of the outcomes of thetreatment process. The development of negative feelings can result tohopelessness among family members. The high negativity levels resultto anger, anxiety, and depression. Therefore, to address the highnegativity levels, family members need to accept their patients’health situation. The consistent communication and interaction withhealth professionals and other family members can help to relievestress and tension in the family (Given,Charles, and Paula 57).


Empiricaldata indicate that cancer is a severe chronic health complication inthe contemporary society. The condition has regrettable emotional andpsychological implications to patients, caregivers, family members,and the entire community. Cancer develops a sense of uncertainty thataccelerates fears among community members. Therefore, healthprofessionals and experts need to identify integrative means toidentify and address immediate and long-term implications of cancer.In most instances, exercise, medication, care, education, counseling,and relaxation are essential approaches that can help to deal withpsychological and mental impacts of cancer.


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