QUALITATIVE ASSIGNMENT 5
ArticleSummaries and Comparative Analysis
Homelesspersons experience several challenges when accessing health andmedical services. Therefore, both the government and other Non-Profitorganizations, on several occasions, come together to ensure thatsuch individuals’ right to healthcare services are upheld. A studyby Hudson, Fleming, Shulman, and Candy (2016) sought to explore howhomeless persons in need of palliative care services access suchservices. The researchers found chaotic lifestyles of the homeless,stigmatization, and the high cost of maintaining hostel staff as someof the reasons it is difficult for homeless persons to seek andaccess palliative healthcare services. Hudson et al. (2016) used asystematic review of the literature to gather information about theirtopic. A total of thirteen articles published in reputable health andmedical journals were reviewed. The data that was collected was theninductively synthesized to derive the research findings.
Campbell,O’Neill, Gibson and Thurston (2015) conducted a qualitative studywhereby they sought to investigate the delivery of healthcareservices to homeless population in Calgary-Canada. The researchersfound out that the homeless have a wide variety of healthcare needsthat cannot be singly addressed through the publicly funded healthsystem. They also identified the different barriers that hindered thehomeless from accessing primary healthcare services. The researchersadopted a descriptive qualitative study whereby the administeredquestionnaires to the respondents with the aim of obtaining theirviews on healthcare needs, medical services available to the homelessand the institutional and personal barriers to accessing medicalservices.
Whereasboth Hudson et al. (2016) and Campbell, O’Neill, Gibson andThurston (2015) used a qualitative study approach, each team employeddifferent techniques in regard to data analysis. Hudson et al. (2016)opted to perform an inductive data analysis approach while Campbell,O’Neill, Gibson and Thurston (2015) performed a descriptivequalitative study that thematically the barriers to healthcareservices among the homeless. Individually, each study was able toachieve its goals. Hudson et al. (2016) work may be considered asontologicalasthe researchers focused on highlighting the different realitiesregarding provision of palliative services to the homeless. On theother hand, Campbell et al. (2015) works is leans more towardsepistemologicalsince the interviews aimed to assemble individual views to supportsome of their perceived reasons regarding the challenges of offeringhealthcare services to the homeless.
Responseto Podia’s Work
Indeed,school counselors face a daunting task as they prepare students forpost-secondary education. Notably, a qualitative study of the topicwas ideal because it was in line with the researchers’ objectives,which were met. To begin with, through narrative analysis, it wasrealized that student felt that they needed counseling within theschool set up for them to make sound career choices. Additionally,via phenomenological inquiries, it was discovered that the schoolcounselors required extra training to do their jobs well. Theapproach demonstrates the power of qualitative studies in gathering.
Structuredinterviews provide additional information regarding the topic.Compared to narrative analysis, interviewing gives the researcher anopportunity to clarify information or provides extra in real time.Therefore, Calantone’s post demonstrates how structured interviewscan be used to help researchers realize their study goals orobjectives. The association between research method and theoreticalperspective helps the researcher identify the best methodology. Bothstudies talk about content analysis as the research method that wasadopted by the scholars. Consequently, it is clear thatcontent/narrative analysis is a qualitative research methodology,which is common among researchers. Of concern to both works is thatthere is no explicit mention of the limitations of qualitativestudies yet it is known that the approach can be highly subjective.Besides, both works do not elaborate the research goals or offer anyform of justification why the authors think that it is the bestapproach.
Campbell,D. J., O’Neill, B. G., Gibson, K., & Thurston, W. E. (2015).Primary healthcare needs and barriers to care among Calgary’shomeless populations. BMCFamily Practice,16(1), 139.
Hudson,B. F., Flemming, K., Shulman, C., & Candy, B. (2016). Challengesto access and
provisionof palliative care for people who are homeless: A systematic reviewof qualitative research. BMCPalliative Care,15(1),96.