## QUESTION 1

• Uncategorized

QUESTION1

1. What is the AAGR for&nbspPopulation (to 2&nbspdecimal places as per the assignment sheet)

1.29%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION2

1. What is the AAGR for&nbspAffluence (to 2&nbspdecimal places as per the assignment sheet)

1.97%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION3

1. What is the AAGR for&nbspEnergy Intensity&nbsp(to 2&nbspdecimal places as per the assignment sheet)

-0.91%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION4

1. What is the AAGR for&nbspCarbon Intensity (to 2&nbspdecimal places as per the assignment sheet)

-0.54%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION5

Whatare the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2020(in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspanumber like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)=564

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION6

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2025&nbsp(in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)=638

&nbsp

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION7

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2030 (in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)

=720

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION8

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2035&nbsp(in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)=814

&nbsp

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION9

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2040 (in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)

=920

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION10

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2045&nbsp(in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)

=1039

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION11

1. What are the&nbspresulting CO2 emissions in&nbsp2050 (in MT CO2,&nbsprounded with&nbspno decimal places -&nbspi.e.&nbspa number like 445.67&nbspshould be entered as 446)=1174

&nbsp

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION12

1. Scenario 2A-Population: What is the AAGR for Population (to 2 decimal places as per the assignment sheet)

= 1.29%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION13

1. Scenario 2A-Affluence: What is the AAGR for Affluence (to 2 decimal places as per the assignment sheet)

=0.82%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION14

1. Scenario 2A-Energy Intensity: What is the AAGR for Energy Intensity (to 2 decimal places as per the assignment sheet)

= -2.20%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION15

1. Scenario 2A-Carbon Intensity: What is the AAGR for Carbon Intensity (to 2 decimal places as per the assignment sheet)

= -1.15%

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION16

1. Scenario 2B-2020: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2020 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=434

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION17

1. Scenario 2B-2025: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2025 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=407

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION18

1. Scenario 2B-2030: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2030 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=382

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION19

1. Scenario 2B-2040: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2040 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=335

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION20

1. Scenario 2B-2045: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2045 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=314

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION21

1. Scenario 2B-2050: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2050 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

2. =295

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION22

1. Scenario 2C-Ratio: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 2 vs. Scenario 1?

Ratio = 295:1039

= 0.28

Aprrox =28:100

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION23

1. Scenario 3-2020: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2020 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=429

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION24

1. Scenario 3-2025: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2025 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=387

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION25

1. Scenario 3-2030: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2030 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=349

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION26

1. Scenario 3-2040: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2040 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=283

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION27

1. Scenario 3-2045: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2045 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=255

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION28

1. Scenario 3-2050: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2050 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=229

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION29

1. Scenario 3-Ratio: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 3 vs. Scenario 2 (2 decimal places)?

Ratio= 229:295

Approx=78:100

=0.78

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION30

1. Scenario 4-A2020: What is the new value for Affluence in 2020 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=52

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION31

1. Scenario 4-A2025: What is the new value for Affluence in 2025 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=57

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION32

1. Scenario 4-A2030: What is the new value for Affluence in 2030 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=61

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION33

1. Scenario 4-A2040: What is the new value for Affluence in 2040 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=71

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION34

1. Scenario 4-A2045: What is the new value for Affluence in 2045 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=76

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION35

1. Scenario 4-A2050: What is the new value for Affluence in 2050 (Thousands\$/person, no decimal places, i.e. 43.4 would be rounded to 43)

=81

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION36

Scenario 4-2020:What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2020 (in MT CO2, rounded withno decimal places)

=432

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION37

1. Scenario 4-2025: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2025 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=404

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION38

1. Scenario 4-2030: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2030 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=378

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION39

1. Scenario 4-2040: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2040 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=327

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION40

1. Scenario 4-2045: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2045 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=303

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION41

1. Scenario 4-2050: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2050 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=280

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION42

1. Scenario 5-2020: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2020 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=432

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION43

1. Scenario 5-2025: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2025 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=404

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION44

1. Scenario 5-2030: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2030 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=378

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION45

1. Scenario 5-2040: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2040 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=327

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION46

1. Scenario 5-2045: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2045 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=303

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION47

1. Scenario 5-2050: What are the resulting CO2 emissions in 2050 (in MT CO2, rounded with no decimal places)

=280

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION48

1. Scenario 5-Ratio4: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 5 vs. Scenario 4 (2 decimal places)?

Ratio= 280:280

=1.00

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION49

1. Scenario 5-Ratio3: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 5 vs. Scenario 3 (2 decimal places)?

Ratio= 280:229

=1.22

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION50

1. Scenario 5-Ratio2: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 5 vs. Scenario 2 (2 decimal places)?

Ratio= 280:295

=0.95

2points &nbsp&nbsp

QUESTION51

1. Scenario 5-Ratio1: What is the ratio of emissions in 2050 in Scenario 5 vs. Scenario 1 (2 decimal places)?

Ratio= 280:1174

=0.24

## Question 1

• Uncategorized

HOMELAND SECURITY/INTELLIGENCE 7

HomelandSecurity/Intelligence

HomelandSecurity/Intelligence

Question1

Thereare several challenges for the state, local law and federalenforcement in collecting intelligence data concerning the events ofthe millennium bomber and the unprovoked shootings in the WashingtonDC metropolitan area. The primary challenge is the danger andinsecurity of collecting information from a happening terroristattack since not many people will volunteer to go to a terroristattack scene just for the sake of data collection. For that reason,the insecurity and danger that comes with terrorist attacks preventedthe federal, state as well as local enforcement from collectingfirst-hand data from the two terrorist attacks. Besides, the costthat comes with collecting data from the two terrorist attacks may beaffordable to the state and federal government but not to the locallaw enforcement because of the professionals and sophisticatedequipment needed for the process.

Also,the collection of intelligence information from the two events istime-consuming as investigations need to be done in regards to whatmay have triggered the attacks, the number of people victimized, thesurvivors and getting to the root of the attack. To get accurate andexact information concerning the attacks, much time has to beinvested in the investigations and data collection. Furthermore, lackof enough, accurate and exact published information concerning theevents may hinder collection of enough, exact and accurateinformation since in such a case, only distorted and biasedinformation can be accessed. If biased information is collected, thensecurity measures put in place would be wrong leaving a possibilityfor another terrorist attack.

Moreover,since the federal, state and local law enforcement deal withintelligence cases every single minute, the workload may be too muchto handle leading to a situation where only a few investigationofficers are involved in the collection of intelligence informationof the two events. In such a case, it may take longer, or theinvolved officer may just hurry things up and end up collectinginsufficient information that may not fully help in making longlasting homeland security decisions. On the same note, in suchterrorist events where people are killed and the survivors seriouslyinjured, federal, state and local law enforcement may be delayed toget first-hand information from the survivors, as the victims needtime to heal, to give information on what exactly they saw when theattack took place.

Question2

Thereare several lessons learnt from the events about information sharingand intelligence collection. First, there should be a proper andfrequent exchange of intelligence information among state, local andfederal law enforcement so that the three entities are updated oncurrent and any speculative information on any terrorist attack. Thefrequent flow of information keeps all the three entities updated onthe current state of security in the United States or any rumorconcerning any form of terrorist attack that is being planned. Thisimplies that as an individual entity, the state, federal or local lawenforcement need to be red alert and monitor any emerging informationconcerning homeland security. Any new intelligence informationcollected by one of the law enforcements needs to be channeled to theother two law enforcement entities.

Aswell, the other lesson is that the three law enforcements entitiesneed to keep collecting intelligence information to keep updated onthe state of security. This way, they are always prepared and do awaywith things such as being ambushed by terrorist attacks. An intensiveand thorough collection of intelligence information implies thatfederal, state or local law enforcement shall get all the much-neededinformation concerning the security of the country so that there isnothing like the repeat of the millennium bomber and the shootings atthe Washington DC airport where the country was caught unaware offoreign attacks. This implies that federal, state and local lawenforcement need to be more vigilant, committed and on red alert tocapture all the current and speculative intelligence informationconcerning homeland security of the United States.

Furthermore,federal, state and local law enforcement need to keep the securitydepartment updated on any speculative homeland security issue even ifthe issue is a mere rumor that people think is a joke. No speculativeterrorist attack need to be assumed or neglected because there arepeople who, in one way or another, get the information about theattack, and when they tell other people, their warning is assumed andbranded as rumors that are aimed to scare away people. For thatreason, all the entities involved in intelligence collection andinformation sharing need to keep the security department updated onall intelligence information collected and any speculativeinformation shared.

Question3

Ican offer several recommendations on how to create a good informationenvironment that will work best for the security of Americancitizens. First, I would recommend that there be an expansion of theworking groups of the committee so that there is the inclusion ofrepresentatives of non-federal as well as the private organization inthe design and implementation of an information-sharing environment(Markle, 2017). Having an expanded committee gives room for moreinformation and ideas contributed by the added working groups tocreate an information-sharing environment that has enough ideas andinformation.

Also,I would recommend the creation of a nationwide reporting departmentin the information sharing environment so that it is streamlined aswell as analysis within the US fusion centers. The reportingdepartment will have the responsibility of keeping the whole countryupdated on success stories and discussed issues concerning homelandsecurity (Markle, 2017). Also, I would recommend for high technicalstandards to be implemented in the information sharing department sothat there are smooth running and high-quality work output in theenvironment with the interest of homeland security at heart.

Furthermore,I would like to see an information-sharing environment that has asimplified sign so that the state, local, tribal and federal lawenforcement officers, as well as analysts, can access unclassifiednetworks and a rich variety of information services that are providedby Assured Sensitive (Markle, 2017). Above all, I would like to seehighly experienced professionals and well-skilled personnel in theinformation-sharing environment, and for that reason, there should bean inclusion of policies and training activities that designed topromote and enhance the protection of civil liberties.

Question4

Severalways through which the recommendations could effectively formalizemulti-jurisdictional information sharing exist, to counter some ofthe existing challenges. For example, having policies and trainingactivities will sharpen the skills of the personnel involved so thatthey become more competitive and qualified for the for theinformation sharing environment. Also, having a simplified sign-on isa security measure that authorizes the access of unclassified fileand Assured Sensitive data information only to individuals that arehired to work in the information sharing environment. As a securitymeasure, unauthorized access to the network is limited, and theenvironment is safe from unwanted and irrelevant people. Also, thenationwide reporting department in the environment will serve todisseminate information to the public so that every American residentand citizen knows the exact state of homeland security. Thisrecommendation gives people peace of mind as they are updated on thehomeland security and what they need to do in case there isspeculation of a terrorist attack.

Reference

Markle.(2017). Progresson Creating an Information Sharing Environment. Markle.org.https://www.markle.org/news-events/connected-world-blog/progress-creating-information-sharing-environment.Retrieved on 15th March 2017.