Religion

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Hitchens

Humanbeings use religion to explain occurrences in their life that sciencecannot explain. Such events are often linked to a higher power sincethey cannot find rational explanations for them. For instance, thedeath of a child from treatable diseases is often linked to sinscommitted by their parents. I agree with Hitchens that this kind ofreasoning is radically self-centered since most believers usereligion to explain natural occurrences.

Accordingto Hitchens (2007), believers argue that atheists lack a moralcompass to guide them since they do not believe in a supreme being.He defends atheists by arguing that some of the most immoral acts inthe world are committed by Christians and Muslims who are believers.Secondly, believers object atheists since disbelief in God makes lifefrightening and cynical. Hitchens defends atheists by stating thatscience fills the gap for atheists since it helps explain alloccurrences in their life.

Lucretius,De Rerum Natura

Lucretiusbelieved that activities that happen in the world are all natural andnot supernatural as projected by believers. He argues that religiousreasoning makes believers blind and attribute natural occurrences tosupernatural beings. He believed that the world is made up of atomswhich are in a perpetual collision which causes thunderstorms.Therefore such actions are natural and not supernatural.

Dawkins

Dawkinsbelieve that complex things are in most cases improbable. All theattributes of God make Him very complicated. Therefore, according toDawkins, if God exists, He must be very complex, and the existence ofcomplex things that require a lot of explanations is improbable(Hitchens, 2007).

Thetheory of natural selection is important to Dawkins perspective sinceit helps explain occurrences that happen gradually in human lifewhich is often attributed to supernatural powers. That is a majoradvantage since it helps him argue the absence of God. However, themain disadvantage of this argument is its lack of ability to explainspontaneous activities in human life like natural calamities.

Sagan

Everythingthat happens in the world has a causative agent. Scientists havecredited the Big Bang theory for the creation of the earth. However,the main question is what caused the Big Bang theory. The bestresponse is God since information before the theory is scanty. This,therefore, makes it a natural evidence of the existence of God. Mostof the qualities of God can be studied empirically to determine theexistence of God through the life of believers. He proposes the useof the causative principle to prove the existence of God.

Hume

Accordingto Hume, religion arose purely from the fear and anxiety of mankindover the unknown. The fears drove man to believe in the existence ofan evil deity. This led them to develop faith in an opposing godwhich was believed to be powerful to fight the actions of the evildeity (Hitchens, 2007).

Reliabilityof human testimony

Accordingto Humes, miracles are against the natural law of things. However,there are many testimonies that point to the existence of miracles.For his argument to hold, Humes discredited all the testimony asfalse. His arguments are important for the divine since believersneed the miracles to deepen their faith in religion.

Traditionalproofs to the existence of God

Saganbelieved everything happens for a reason. He believed that there isscientific explanation for all the occurrences on earth like thecauses of the Big Bang theory which had been used as a traditionalproof for the existence of God.

References

Hitchens,C. (2007). ThePortable Atheist: Essential Readings for the Non-Believer.Da Capo Press.