Research studies and data can be categorized either as qualitative orquantitative. They differ depending on test hypothesis and the methodof data collection. Qualitative research data is in descriptive formand is collected through open-ended questionnaires, unstructuredinterviews, unstructured observations, and diary accounts. On theother hand, quantitative research data is in numerical form and iscollected through structured interviews, structured observations,surveys, and documents/records review for statistical information.This essay analyses a qualitative and quantitative research articles.
A research article by Jeni Harden and Dickson Adele (2015) entitled“The study examines the mothers from a low-income backgroundwith their young children” is an example of a qualitativeresearch article. It uses a qualitative longitudinal design. Besides,the researcher interviewed thirteen mothers on two differentoccasions within one and a half years period. It has a clearlydefined sample hence, its validity and reliability are not inquestion. All the participants have similar characteristics theyhave at least one child below six years, and they live in thesocioeconomically disadvantaged areas in the Eastern Scotland. Thedata is then analyzed both longitudinally and cross-sectionally,which is appropriate to the study. The finding showed that poverty isan issue to mothers, which requires health intervention. Theresearcher finds out that women experience socioeconomic challengesmost of which they have little control of them. They include limitedemotional and financial resources, which degrade their healthy eatinghabits (Harde and Dickson, 2015). Nevertheless, they positionthemselves as “expert mothers.”
An example of quantitative research article is “Nurse Exposureto Physical and Nonphysical Violence, Bullying, and SexualHarassment: A Quantitative Review” by Paul Spector, ZhiqingZhou, and Xin Xuan Che. It estimates the exposure rates of violenceof nurses in their work place. The researchers collected data fromPsycInfo, Medline, and CINAHL database, which included 136 articlesfrom 160 samples. They identified them by probing them through adatabase and checking with the lists of references review. They thencoded the data depending on the availability and into five categoriesof violence bullying, sexual harassment, physical, nonphysical, andcombined. They also coded source of violence, setting, country, andtimeframe (Spector, Zhou, and Che, 2014). The research shows thattwo-thirds of nurses are verbally assaulted, one-third is physicallyassaulted or bullied, and a quarter is sexually harassed. The articleuses statistical test for data analysis such as SPSS software. Fordichotomic variable and multi-response variables, student’s t-testand ANOVA is used to analyze the mean score. Other methods usedinclude Fisher’s F Test and Tukey’s post hoc test.
Rationalefor Choosing the Journal(S) in Which the Articles were Published
Although published articles differ in quality, their exposure andsubject matters. These two articles clearly state their objective,design, data sources, procedure, results, and conclusion. Thejournals are specific in their subject area as they focus on aparticular aspect. They provide a forum for scientific communicationand reliable knowledge. They provide an insight into a significantissue that is useful to people involved in decision making, can beused to stimulate important questions, and to develop a theory orframework. Besides, methods of exploring their concern such as datacollection and analysis are appropriate, and they use valid researchmethods. They clearly explain how and why they support theconclusions. This indicates that the authors are credible as theykept their goals of study as outlined in the objective sections.Lastly, the articles are well written and easy to understand, andtheir arguments are logical and not contradictory. They answer theresearch question and fulfill the purpose of the study.
Harden, J., & Dickson, A. (2015). Low-income mothers’ foodpractices with young children: A qualitative longitudinal study.Health Education Journal, 74(4), 381-391.
Spector, P. E., Zhou, Z. E., & Che, X. X. (2014). Nurse exposureto physical and nonphysical violence, bullying, and sexualharassment: A quantitative review. International Journal ofNursing Studies, 51(1), 72-84.