Role of State and Local Law Enforcement and the Private Sector

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ROLE OF STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR 4

Roleof State and Local Law Enforcement and the Private Sector

Roleof State and Local Law Enforcement and the Private Sector

Nationshave used intelligence in their operations since ancient times. Itoriginated from the urge of a nation to avert an enemy`s achieving amilitary advantage and in turn form a stronger military. It hasprovided countries with the ability to understand adversaryintentions and in the advancement of policy implementation.Intelligence is not only used in the process of law enforcement butis also important in the process of strategic planning, research anddevelopment, market decisions, and risk assessment for companies(Oleson,2016).Thus, for policy makers, intelligence provides them with an insightof what is going on or what is likely to occur. This paper discusseshow the state and local law enforcement should be utilizedeffectively.

Theprocess gathering, analyzing and using intelligence should never beunique to a particular organization. On September 11, 2001, attack,for example, the nation was caught unaware probably because of thelaw enforcement and intelligence structure that was in place. Due tothe failure of the intelligence agencies at that time and thecompatibility issues with law enforcement agencies, there was animmediate move to revolutionize the relationship between various lawenforcement and information organizations such as the federal, stateand local homeland security. 22 different departments and agencieswere combined in the process Steiner (2015). All these companies wererequired to provide intelligence that would be necessary forcombating various threats to the nation. Sharing of information amongdifferent departments was also facilitated by the formation of theDepartment of Homeland Security.

Accordingto Mayer &amp Erickson (2012), the development of a robustintelligence infrastructure in the United States requires thecombination of the analytical capacity of the federal governmentextensive knowledge at the local level. However, this can only beachieved if the state and the local actors adopt a structure that isaware of the extent of 21st-century terror threats. Analysis of theSeptember 11 attack was a lesson to the U.S. regarding the reality ofdomestic terror. It was evident that although terrorism may often beviewed as a product of foreign influence when it is perpetrated uponthe American homeland, then it will always have a local nexus.Combating the domestic terror threat will only be achieved when thereis an established relationship between the local, state and federallaw enforcement. They must recognize that the fight against terrorismrequires a revolution in the operating culture of the law enforcementagencies.

Accordingto Steiner (2015), another challenge has been realized since therevolution of homeland security. Most states established multipleintelligence cells within the existing framework to connect with thefederal, community and foreign intelligence. Although they haveassisted in gathering intelligence, the resources available forinformation purposes at state level limits their activity. To improvethis situation, Steiner (2015) recommended a single integratedintelligence enterprise for every state with the ability to connectwith the federal, community and foreign intelligence. What needs tobe done is the tailoring of the law enforcement structures such thatthey can accommodate the robust capabilities maintained by thenational intelligence.

Inconclusion, the establishment of local and state fusion centers thatis connected to the federal intelligence community and both local andstate data collectors is the way through which intelligence gatheringand transmission can be improved. It is the law enforcementauthorities such as the police who manages the fusion centers. Theaim of this structure is to make counterterrorism intelligencecommunication to flow from the local level to the federalintelligence community and back to the state and local lawenforcement.

References

Mayer,M. A., &amp Erickson, S. G. (2012). ChangingToday`s Law Enforcement Culture to Face 21st-century Threats.Heritage Foundation.

Oleson,P.C. (2016). AFIO’s Guide to the Study of Intelligence. RetrievedMarch 29, 2017, fromhttp://www.afio.com/publications/AFIO`s_Intelligence_Study_Guide_ver1_for_public_release_2017Jan01.pdf

Steiner,J. E., Dr. (2015, September). Improving Homeland Security at theState Level (United States, Central Intelligence Agency). RetrievedMarch 29, 2017, fromhttps://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csistudies/studies/vol.-53-no.-3/improving-homeland-security-at-the-state-level.html