Theadolescents and adults brains differ in structural development. Asthe LessCapable, Less Culpablearticle explains duringteenage years, the pre-frontal section of the brain is undevelopedthus, they rely on other parts of the mind to execute variousfunctions. The frontal lobe is usually occupied by the limbic systemthat process and manages emotions. The adults use their frontal lobefor planning, reasoning, and identifying emotions, unlike youths whouse the gut reaction.
Thebrain development in teenagers affects how they perceive bullying,which tends to have a profound impact on the young adults’perception. Asthe textbook describes theadolescents react impulsively to various situations thus, bulliesmay view their actions as a way of taking control or punish those whooffend them. Therefore, they rationalize the acts of bullying usingthe short-term satisfaction rather than considering the psychologicalconsequences that affect both the bully and the victim.
Thejuvenile justice system changed in the twentieth century by dealingwith the offenders more punitively. Therefore, it should consider thebrain development of adolescents. Asthe LessCapable, Less Culpablearticle indicatesteenagers are emotional, impulsive, and give into peer pressure.Moreover, young adults rarely think about the future, and they hardlycare about the consequences of their actions, which lead to takingnumerous risks due to their immature brain.The LessCapable, Less Culpablearticle explainsthat dopamine production changes during adolescent years, whichfurther increases risk-taking behaviors. The legal system takes intoaccount the culpability of the offender before issuing a verdict orpunishment. Consequently, the juvenile delinquents cannot be heldfully liable for their actions because research shows that the braincontrols most of their actions and behavior. Furthermore, lack offoresight and attention to immediate satisfaction lead to poordecision-making.
Inconclusion, adolescent brain differs from that of adults as they usedifferent sections of their mind to reason. Emotions easily affectthe actions of young people thus, they tend to consider theimmediate rewards rather than the consequences. Such attitudescontribute to bullying as teenagers want the feeling ofaccomplishment without taking into account the effects of theiractions. Then again, the brain development and function ofadolescents influences the likelihood of committing a crime. Hence,the young offenders are not fully culpable for their actions.