Sodium and Potassium

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Sodiumand Potassium

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Sodiumand Potassium

Sodiumand potassium are two essential electrolytes that are useful in thehuman body in various ways. As electrolytes, they both control thedistribution and balance of bodily fluids and facilitate thetransportation of nutrients. The research paper focuses on thecorrelation between sodium and potassium and their importance in thehuman body.

Background

Theconsumption of sodium, in excess, creates an imbalance resulting inhypertension. On the other hand, potassium helps in the removal ofexcess sodium, hence lowering the blood pressure. The maintenance ofthe right electrolyte balance in the body is fundamental to variousprocesses. Electrolytes can be concentrated or sparse depending onthe diet and variations in water levels in the body.

Significance

Firstly,some of the major foods that contain sodium include beets, milk, andcelery while foods such as beans, avocado, potatoes, and fishcontain high amounts of potassium[ CITATION Sch123 l 1033 ].Sodium and potassium electrolytes are the most crucial and can leadto significant health problems. Sodium is usually consumed in excessbecause of its high presence in many diets. On the contrary,potassium is deficient in a broad range of diets thus, the imbalancecan result in heart diseases among other health problems.

CurrentResearch/ Application

Researchstudies have indicated that sodium intake has a positive relationshipwith mortality rate[ CITATION Sch123 l 1033 ].As a result, people have to observe their diet in order to create afavorable balance of the electrolytes. It is important to have abalanced diet of the foods mentioned above in order to maintainequilibrium of the crucial electrolytes in the body.

Conclusion

Inconclusion, sodium and potassium perform a fundamental role in thehuman body by preventing health problems such as heart diseases,among others.

Reference

Schellhardt,T. A. (2012). The Relationship Between the Sodium/Potassium Ratio andVascular Function. 1-98. Retrieved from:http://udspace.udel.edu/bitstream/handle/19716/12030/Taylor_Schellhardt_thesis.pdf?sequence=1