STRATEGIC PEACE BUILDING 1
The world we live today is characterized by social injustice,different forms of violence, wars and terrorism activities thatdisrupt the normal way of life to some countries as a whole or someparts of it (Shirch, 2015). This has over time created the need tocoin procedures to ensure peaceful coexistence of all humankind inharmony and restructuring the scope of the peace-building mechanismand to find solutions to the current dynamic conflicts across theglobe.
Relation between Peace and Justice
Peace and justice are two essential elements of a peaceful existenceof every society. In the event of war, for instance, the immediatecry is to restore the former peace existing in that society. Such aprocess is often difficult to initiate and calls for theestablishment of a mechanism to ensure the warring parties aresettled, and each has ended their grievances. Therefore, justicewhich precedes peace after the war must be established and both sidesbrought together. The conclusion here is that justice brings peace inthe society which ensures the end of the war between the two warringparties.
Notably, Shirch (2015) identifies a causal relationship between peaceand justice by asserting the peace cannot exist without justice. Thetwo terms are undeniably the same and are used together in theformulation of peace building programs. In the peace-buildingprocess, the two words are seen as the central concern where theprocess is done in a manner that is true, transparent and inconsideration of the harmony needed in the society. The bottom lineof these two elements is to create a long-term peace in the society
Importance of the Relationship in StrategicPeace-Building
In establishing a strategic peace building program, the importance ofensuring a peaceful and just society cannot be overlooked. Theprogram creates justice to all parties to a conflict resulting in asustainable long-term peace. According to Shirch (2015), a peacebuilding program has four distinct areas that must be criticallyformulated, executed and the results will be peace and justice.
The need to advocate for change of a current conflict or injusticehas to be called for through intervention in groups and individualsto end a conflict. This is done carefully and in consideration of thesustainable peace to be achieved. The idea is to stop the conflict orchange the current status quo as a way of ensuring peace in thesociety
Reducing the actual and direct violence is the second stage wherejustice to the warring parties is sought for in depth. Perpetratorsof the conflict are neutralized through peaceful methods or the useof legal systems and military peacekeeping.
Transformation of the relationships ensures the warring parties areamicably brought together by acknowledging and settling their issues.Such a process includes healing of the past harm caused to eitherparty, setting up negotiations and application of policy. A carefulexecution of this step leads to a clear understanding of eitherparty, the grievances, or expectations.
After reaching an agreement to end the conflict by the two parties,there is a need to ensure sustainable a capacity-building in thesociety. This is achieved through education on the importance ofpeaceful co-existence and ensuring social, political and economicgrowth in the society. When the two warring parties settle theirdisputes amicably, it follows, therefore, the need to create asustainable capacity with the society to eliminate the occurrence ofthe dispute again.
Shirch, L. (2015). Little Book of Strategic Peacebuilding (1sted.). New York: Good Books.