Structuraland Cognitive Behavior Family Therapies
Structuralfamily therapy is a technique that addresses the psychological andemotional problems within a family. It strives to solve the needs offamily structures and interactions with the aim of restoring thenormal functionality (Wetchler and Hecker, 2015). Structural familytherapists join the family system during the treatment sessionseeking to understand the boundaries that drives it works, examinethe bonds between household sub-systems such as the spouses, parents,siblings and members of the extended family. The therapy focuses onensuring that there exists efficient functioning of the familystructure and to set a comfortable environment in the household. Onthe other hand, cognitive behavioral family therapy is a method ofpsychotherapy that projects the negative thinking and functions torestore positive thoughts and to promote the establishment ofdesirable behaviors and emotions (Wetchler and Hecker, 2015). Bothstructural and cognitive behavior family counseling play asignificant role in improving the communication and enabling thefamilies to solve their conflicts. The paper confines its study onthe family members their interactions, behaviors and their ability tosolve problems.
Thestudy embraces a family sub-system of the parents including thefather and mother and their children that include sisters andbrothers to ensure that the family atmosphere is healthy for aliving. These family members are expected to express their socialbehaviors such as depression, anger, addictions and anxiety (Wetchlerand Hecker, 2015). They are also projected to show their capabilitiesin coping with the physical illness, patterns revolving around theirconflicts in order to help in the identification of the problem`sroots together with assisting in archiving the objective of thetherapy. The therapists frequently meet with the family under studyto acquire enough understanding of the members` behaviors and theirsocial life. This meeting may occur three to four days a week(Wetchler and Hecker, 2015).
Thetherapist`s roles consist of forming alliances with each member ofthe family that enables them to understand the interactiveperspectives of the members. They also focus on minimizing theanxiety of each member and finally wins them over by the use ofcomments and appropriate greetings. The therapist gets to know thefamily issues through observing each behavioral change (Graham &Reynolds, 2013). These observations help to determine whetherboundaries are clear enough, know the position of household membersif it is neutral, protective or unjustly attacking and entangling tochildren’s involvement in parental conversations. The therapistalso examines and identifies the structure of the family to obtainknowledge on the interactions and boundaries among different familymembers (Graham & Reynolds, 2013). These factors enablecounselors to develop modification strategies needed in the familystructure.
Themost interesting part entails asking the family members to involvethemselves in a real-life situation of a conflict with the objectiveof gaining an insight into the structure of the household andinteractions. Every member of the household adjusts theircharacteristics by the set family rules, which is an ability of thehousehold to control conflicts (Negash and Morgan, 2015). Familystructure is pivoted on a member`s repeated character that supportsthe establishment of lasting patterns. Some rules create a boundaryamong family members causing a feeling of isolation and lead todisruptive family unity. Additionally, some of the techniques used insolving family conflicts includes mood checking, agenda setting,acceptable sense activity and the role-playing strategy (Negash andMorgan, 2015). Through long-term relationships and interaction amongmembers of the family, there is a developed sense of caring for oneanother as well as trust and support among each member of thehousehold. These counseling sessions and programs may be limited ifany member of the family is mentally disturbed or has attainedlearning difficulties.
Therapyfits in to ensure efficient working of the household hierarchy and toestablish a peaceful environment at which family members can interactfreely.
Graham, P. J.,& Reynolds, S. (2013). Cognitivebehavior therapy for children and families.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Negash, S.,& Morgan, M. L. (2015). A Family Affair: Examining theImpact of Parental Infidelity on Children Using a Structural FamilyTherapy Framework. ContemporaryFamily Therapy, 38(2),198-209. Doi: 10.1007/s10591-015-9364-4
Wetchler, J. L.,& Hecker, L. L. (2015). Anintroduction to marriage and family therapy.New York, NY: Routledge.