SUB-SAHARAN AND AMERICAS 600BCE- 600CE 4
The Meroe, Aksum, Maya, Teotihuacan were cities in variouscountries. The people in these towns had their culture, which wasshared among the rest of the people in other cities. However, it isessential to note that some cultural aspects were unique toparticular people. According to Von Sivers, the Meroe’s and theAksum’s engaged extensively in trade especially internationaltrade. In fact, the Aksum city was expanded using the proceeds frominternational trade and the taxes levied on business people (Von &Stow, 2012). These people from these two places Meroe and Aksumwould engage in overseas trade using the Red Sea and the IndianOcean. Therefore, they had a culture of business and interacted withforeigners on the basis of business. Notably, the Meroe city islocated in Sudan, while Aksum is in Eritrea. The Meroe and the Aksumdeveloped their own scripts, and they were mainly architectures wherethey used iron to make their designs. Further, both cultures believedin Christianity.
The Maya culture was also similar in some aspects to the Meroe andthe Aksum cultures. The Mayas had their own writing style just likethe Meroe’s and the Aksum’s. The Mayas developed the hieroglyphicscript, which is one of the widely known writing systems in theAmericas before the arrival of the Columbus. The Maya’s alsoparticipated in art and architecture just like the Meroe’s and theAksum’s (Von & Stow, 2012). The Maya’s also participated intrade and engaged in a long-distance trade where they imported goldfrom Panama and Colombia. Notably, Maya is located in Mexico, andmost of its cultural aspects are predicated on the Mesoamericancivilization. Teotihuacan people had some cultural elements that weresimilar those depicted by the rest of the individuals in the othercities. Notably, the Teotihuacan people engaged in internationaltrade where they exported their prestigious obsidian tools. The cityis located in Mexico just like the Maya city. The Teotihuacan’s areknown for their architectural skills due to the pyramids that theydesigned.
The primary difference is that the Mexican-based cultures seem to bemore educated and they came up with some of the best architecturaldesigns and or innovations. The Mayas, for example, were involved inmathematics, astronomy, and the development of their own calendar(Von & Stow, 2012). On the other hand, the Teotihuacan peoplewere responsible for the pyramid designs. The Meroe and the Aksumpeople were deeply involved in religion unlike the Teotihuacan andthe Maya.
The cultures in Africa and in America are more different than theyare similar. African cultures tend to give immense value to religionas opposed to the American cultures where education is highly valued.Further, people in the America’s tend to attempt the design andproduction of their unique products such calendars, astronomicalsystems, and mathematical formulas (Von & Stow, 2012). This iscontrary to the African culture where people are used to using thealready developed and designed products. However, there are somesimilarities such as the culture of trade and expansion of cities.
While concluding, the cultures of the Maya, Teotihuacan, Aksum, andMeroe had various similarities. They were all involved ininternational trade and engaged in architectural activities.International business was shared amongst the cultures. However, theMexican cultures focused on more sophisticated activities suchastronomy and development of mathematical formulas.
Von, S. P. & Stow, G. B. (2012). Patterns of worldhistory. New York: Oxford University Press.