Dyslexiais a psychological condition that a person is born with and inhibitstheir learning capacity. The biological cause is a defect in thebrain that slows down an individual’s mental power to processgraphic symbols. Due to this defect, the condition alters the way theperson’s brain processes visual material especially written ones.The condition is characterized by difficulty in learning andprocessing new concepts. Individuals with dyslexia are not lazy orstupid. Most have average or better than expected insight, and theywork hard to defeat their learning issues. It is a type of learningincapacity. An individual with a learning disability experiencesdifficulty processing numbers or words. There are a few types oflearning inabilities and dyslexia is the term utilized when peopleexperience a challenge figuring out how to read, despite the factthat they are sufficiently shrewd and are motivated to learn.
Hence,the problem in dyslexia is a linguistic one, not a visual one.Dyslexia does not originate from a lack of knowledge. In fact,persons with serious dyslexia can be intelligent. Reason being, theeffects of this condition tend to vary from one person to the other.The only weakness among these individuals is the fact that they readat slower pace compared to people their age. Dyslexia often runs inthe family. Overall, dyslexia inhibits a specific brain function andcauses difficulties in word decoding, spelling and recognition.
Currentresearch shows that dyslexia is a result of the manner in whichpersons brain to process data. Brain images taken by modern tools ofimaging indicates that when a person with this condition reads,different parts of their brain are under use which is different fromindividuals not suffering from the same condition. According to theimages, the rains of the people with dyslexia does not workefficiently during such task as reading. And this is the reason why aperson with dyslexia find reading to be such a daunting and slowtask. There is a generalization that dyslexia makes a person toreverse numbers and letters and view words in a backward manner(Tunick and Bruce p.81). What they do not know is that reversaloccurs as a regular part of their development and this is evident inmost children who are in first and second grade. Recognizing phonemesseems to be the main issue resulting from this condition, and itmakes it hard for the person to make the connection between lettersand sounds and also to blend the same sounds to form words.
Andthis becomes a problem for them to differentiate short words or saylonger phrases. A person with dyslexia takes a lot of time to saywords since most of the time they usually lose the meaning of thesentence and thus their reasoning becomes weak. The fact that thepeople with dyslexia usually have a tough time reading is notsurprising. They additionally have a tough time when it comes toexpressing themselves both orally and in writing. The condition is alanguage processing disorder, and as a result, it affects the variouslanguage forms be it written or spoken (Ehardt p.364). Forsome people, the condition is somewhat mild, so they do not have alot of struggle with written or spoken languages. Others usually findways on how to manage their status, but it requires a lot of extrawork and effort. The condition does not just disappear nor is itsomething which one can outgrow. But with the necessary assistance, aperson with this condition can learn how to read.
DyslexiaSigns and Symptoms
Dyslexiaaffects people in different ways so that indications may vary fromone youngster to the next. These symptoms appear as issues withprecision and familiarity with spelling and reading. In any case, ina few children, dyslexia can affect math, dialect, and write as well(Valdois et al. p.78). A key indication of dyslexia among children ishaving a tough time interpreting words. And this is the capacity tomatch letters to sounds and afterward, utilize that aptitude to readwords precisely and smoothly. One reason kids experience issuestranslating is that they frequently struggle with an essentialdialect aptitude called phonemic mindfulness. It is the capacity toperceive singular sounds in words.
Theproblem with this ability can appear as early as preschool. In a fewchildren, dyslexia is not visible until later, when they experiencedifficulty with more mind boggling aptitudes. These may incorporatesyntax, cognizance, familiarity, sentence structure and strongwriting. One potential indication of dyslexia is when childrenabstain from reading, both so anyone can hear and to themselves.Children may even get on the edge or baffled when reading. It canhappen even after they`ve mastered the reading art. The symptoms ofdyslexia can be different at various ages. Here are a few cases ofindications of dyslexia: in preschool the child has inconvenienceperceiving whether two words rhyme, struggles with taking without endthe starting sound from a word, struggles with adapting new words,has difficulty understanding letters and coordinating them to sounds(Team n.p).
Ingrade school the child has difficulty taking without end the centersound from a word or mixing a few sounds to make a word, often can`tperceive regular sight words, quickly overlooks how to spell asignificant number of the words she considers, gets stumbled up byword issues in math. In middle school, the child makes many spellingblunders, frequently needs to re-read sentences and entries, reads ata lower scholastic level than how she talks. At the secondary schoolthe person often skirts little words when perusing so anyone mighthear, doesn`t read at the normal review level, strongly inclinestoward various decision inquiries over fill-in-the-clear or shortanswer (Helping Children With Dyslexia n.p). Dyslexia doesn`t simplyinfluence learning. It can affect natural abilities and exercises,also. These incorporate social collaboration, memory and managingstress.
Themost efficient way to know if a kid has dyslexia is to have themcompletely assessed, either privately or at school. Schoolassessments are free. A diagnosis can allow the youngster to get thenecessary help at school. That incorporates specific instructionswhen it comes to reading. Before taking a child for the assessment,in any case, it`s critical to discount any medicinal issues that maybe influencing everything. The doctor can check for vision or hearingproblems. There are a couple of experts who may assess kids fordyslexia. These incorporate school therapists, clinical analysts, andpediatric neuropsychologists. The evaluator will give a progressionof tests for dyslexia. They will likewise assess the kid in differentareas to see precisely where the shortcomings lie.
Atherapist will also search for various issues that may hinder thechild’s learning. These incorporate ADHD and psychological healthconcerns. ADHD frequently co-happens with dyslexia (Eggermont p.251).A few children with learning and consideration issues may likewisehave depression or anxiety. The family history and more informationabout the child`s weaknesses and strengths are essential duringdiagnosis. In some circumstances, the child`s teacher may also haveto give more details regarding the child`s performance in class. Theinformation will help the doctor to come up with an accuratediagnosis. Additionally, the doctor will prescribe approaches to helpthe kid. At school, this may lead to the child getting anIndividualized Education Program (IEP).
Itis essential for relatives and the individual with dyslexia to recallthat dyslexia is not an illness. In the current society writing andreading is necessary parts of the regular day to day existence hencemedications that help individuals with dyslexia are essential forenhancing their adapting skills. There is as of now no cure fordyslexia. There are, in any case, a scope of pro and all aroundfocused medications that can help youngsters and grown-ups enhancetheir writing and reading aptitudes (Valdois et al. p.91). The soonera child undergoes assessment and gets the necessary help, the moreprobable he or she will accomplish long haul changes. Mental testinghelps the educator build up a more focused approach on how to teachthe child. A teacher who has the necessary training in helpingyoungsters with dyslexia will utilize a scope of systems to enhancethe kid`s perusing aptitudes. These systems, for the most part,include taking advantage of the child’s senses, including vision,touch, and hearing. A few kids find that following their fingeraround the state of letters helps them handle information even moreadequately.
Dyslexiais a learning disorder which has nothing to do with the person’slevel of intelligence. Persons with this condition has problemsprocessing information, especially the sounds made when pronouncingcertain letters which gives them a problem when it comes to writing,reading, speaking, spelling and math. Therefore, it is essential thatsuch persons get a constant reminder that despite the fact thatwriting and reading might be an issue to them, a significant numberof persons with dyslexia worldwide have flourished and turned out tobe productive and successful people.
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