of Krumboltz’s Model for Career Counseling
JohnKrumboltz’s Social Learning Theory for career counseling contendsthat career decisions are primarily determined by genetic endowment,environmental factors, learning experiences and task approach skills.Krumboltz’s theory also focuses on self-observation andgeneralization tendencies of individuals about their values,abilities, interests, and their surroundings which in turn determinetheir career choices.
SocialLearning Theory enables career counselors to help client attain amore fulfilling life by allowing them to be cognizant of themselvesand their environment. In this sense, clients should seek to expandon their interests and capabilities without basing their careerdecisions just on the current environmental factors. Clients shouldalso be ready to encounter a change in tasks without assuming thattheir chosen occupations are stable. Lastly, Krumboltz proposes thatclients during counseling should be empowered to take the rightactions on their careers other than a mere diagnosis from thecounselor.
Counselingtips for Unplanned Happenstance Approach
Krumboltzalso introduces the theory of unplanned happenstance which positsthat it is okay not always to have a plan for one’s future careersince unplanned events in life have the potential to direct us togood and fulfilling careers. Therefore, the duty is upon thecounselors to help clients recognize and incorporate chance events intheir lives so that they fully exploit them to arrive at theirdestined career. Moreover, the unplanned happenstance theory isencouraging as it supports indecision among clients by replacing itwith being open minded. However, he points that the real challengewith the theory is for the counselor to inspire curiosity,persistence, flexibility, optimism and risk taking among clients toseize the chance events in their lives efficiently (Krumboltz,2015).