Summary

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Theprivacy rule provides guidelines on how health information can beused or disclosed by organizations. The rule applies to health plans,healthcare provider, and healthcare clearing houses that displayhealth information digitally. It protects health information of anindividual based on their demographic data, mental condition,physical address and health care provision. It excludes employmentrecords as stated in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.There are incidences when health information can be disclosed withoutthe individual`s consent such as if information is used forresearch, public interest, accounting of disclosures among others.Medical practitioners are permitted to disclose health information,but must rely on the best judgment or professional ethics when toallow the disclosure. A person who knowingly discloses healthinformation violates the privacy rule and is liable to imprisonmentof one year and a penalty of $50,000. The sentence changes if theconduct includes false pretenses and intent to use informational forcommercial advantage or malicious harm (US Department of Health andHuman Services, 2003).

Thesecurity rule safeguards health information of individuals whileadopting technologies that seek to improve health care. The ruleimplements appropriate policies and procedures for organizationalstructure, a particular size that put consumers at the risk ofelectronic patient health information (e-PHI). It providesadministrative, physical, technical safeguards that can be used bymedical practitioners. The security rule requires the medicalfraternity to ensure confidentiality and readiness of information viathe online platform. It establishes that institutions should protectinformation against security threats and impermissible use ordisclosure. The work of administering these standards lies with theOffice for Civil Rights and (HHS, 2003). The two rules hope toprotect health information by providing guidelines that need to befollowed.

References

USDepartment of Health and Human Services. (2003). of the HIPAAprivacy rule.&nbspWashington,DC: Department of Health and Human Services.Retrievedfrom&nbsphttps://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/privacy/laws-regulations/index.html

USDepartment of Health and Human Services. (2003). of the HIPAAsecurity rule.&nbspWashington,DC: Department of Health and Human Services.Retrievedfrom&nbsphttps://www.hhs.gov/hipaa/for-professionals/security/laws-regulations/index.html?language=es

Summary

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Executive

Themultimedia presentation provides the outline of the steps that needto be followed when wring a business report. The purpose of thereport is to analyze a given situation that affect the business, soas to give meaningful findings of the subject matter to aid in makingof informed decisions. The main steps involved in creation of a goodbusiness report include selection of the subject matter. The casestudy or the situation that is under evaluation is made clear toguide the direction of the report. The objectives of the report arealso stated at this stage. The subject matter could be so broad andhence there is need to limit it to certain limits that are consideredmost important and relevant.

Thereport has many users unlike other forms of business communication.It is therefore important to consider the audience of the report andtheir different expectations to ensure they are all addressed in thereport. Others factors such as age, attitudes and education levelshould also be considered. All information relating to the subjectmatter is collected ready for analysis. Analysis of the informationentails creating meaningful interpretations of the data and making ofcomparisons to suggest solutions. After analysis, there are findingsmade which require solutions. Solutions are suggested in the reportbased on bias free results or it is done by the person in charge.Finally, an outline is developed which is later used to write thereport.

Tocreate a strong business report, it is important to state the purposeof the report. Understanding the audience helps to shape the reportto suit their needs. Having an outline of the main ideas willcontribute to the logical flow of the report.

Outlinefor Developing a Business Report

  1. Executive

Thisgives the reader the purpose of the report, main ideas that arediscussed in the report as well as the conclusions. It is meant tobriefly highlight what is contained in the full report rather thanjust a summary.

Anoverview of the subject matter is provided in the introduction. It issupposed to prepare the reader for the full report by describing thecontext and the extent of the subject matter to be covered. Theintroduction should also include:

  1. Purpose of the report

  2. Scope of study

  3. Sources of information and methods

  4. Preview of the report

  5. Questions to be answered in the report

  6. A clear description of the subject matter

  1. Conclusion

Findingsof the report are interpreted at this stage. Conclusions are drawnbased on the results of analysis. They are developed only from theinformation that is provided. Conclusions from outside sources arenot allowed. Also they are not just stated, they are made relatingthem to the subject matter of the report.

  1. Recommendations

Atthis point, all the stages of business report are complete. The issuehas been analyzed and conclusions made relating to the same.Suggestions that are future oriented are made on the best course ofaction. Recommendations should be specific and detailed on how tosolve the problem. A description of how the recommendations will beimplemented should be included at this point.

References

Guffey,M. E., &amp Loewy, D. (2014). Businesscommunication: Process &amp product.

Kuiper,S. (2015). Contemporarybusiness report writing.Mason, OH: Thomson South-Western.

Summary

  • Uncategorized

Executive

Themultimedia presentation provides the outline of the steps that needto be followed when wring a business report. The purpose of thereport is to analyze a given situation that affect the business, soas to give meaningful findings of the subject matter to aid in makingof informed decisions. The main steps involved in creation of a goodbusiness report include selection of the subject matter. The casestudy or the situation that is under evaluation is made clear toguide the direction of the report. The objectives of the report arealso stated at this stage. The subject matter could be so broad andhence there is need to limit it to certain limits that are consideredmost important and relevant.

Thereport has many users unlike other forms of business communication.It is therefore important to consider the audience of the report andtheir different expectations to ensure they are all addressed in thereport. Others factors such as age, attitudes and education levelshould also be considered. All information relating to the subjectmatter is collected ready for analysis. Analysis of the informationentails creating meaningful interpretations of the data and making ofcomparisons to suggest solutions. After analysis, there are findingsmade which require solutions. Solutions are suggested in the reportbased on bias free results or it is done by the person in charge.Finally, an outline is developed which is later used to write thereport.

Tocreate a strong business report, it is important to state the purposeof the report. Understanding the audience helps to shape the reportto suit their needs. Having an outline of the main ideas willcontribute to the logical flow of the report.

Outlinefor Developing a Business Report

  1. Executive

Thisgives the reader the purpose of the report, main ideas that arediscussed in the report as well as the conclusions. It is meant tobriefly highlight what is contained in the full report rather thanjust a summary.

Anoverview of the subject matter is provided in the introduction. It issupposed to prepare the reader for the full report by describing thecontext and the extent of the subject matter to be covered. Theintroduction should also include:

  1. Purpose of the report

  2. Scope of study

  3. Sources of information and methods

  4. Preview of the report

  5. Questions to be answered in the report

  6. A clear description of the subject matter

  1. Conclusion

Findingsof the report are interpreted at this stage. Conclusions are drawnbased on the results of analysis. They are developed only from theinformation that is provided. Conclusions from outside sources arenot allowed. Also they are not just stated, they are made relatingthem to the subject matter of the report.

  1. Recommendations

Atthis point, all the stages of business report are complete. The issuehas been analyzed and conclusions made relating to the same.Suggestions that are future oriented are made on the best course ofaction. Recommendations should be specific and detailed on how tosolve the problem. A description of how the recommendations will beimplemented should be included at this point.

References

Guffey,M. E., &amp Loewy, D. (2014). Businesscommunication: Process &amp product.

Kuiper,S. (2015). Contemporarybusiness report writing.Mason, OH: Thomson South-Western.

Summary

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Archibald,L. (2006). Decolonizationand Healing: Indigenous Experiences in the United States, Australiaand Greenland.Ontario: Aboriginal Healing Foundation. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ahf.ca/downloads/ibpengweb.pdf

Thisarticle discusses physical and sexual abuse that was suffered byAboriginal children in Australia, Greenland, and the United States.According to the author, the abuse left scars, which have been passedfrom one generation to another. The article argues that colonizationcontinued along various paths in New Zealand, Greenland, Australia,and the United States. Colonization is seen to have different phases,which include denial of indigenous culture, damage of physicalsymbols of culture, tokenism, and denigration of indigenous beliefsystems. In the history of Greenland, Australia, New Zealand, and theUnited States, varied characteristics and permutations of phases ofcolonization can be noted. The author discusses different eventsassociated with the colonization process in the above-namedcountries. Also, the article discusses the process of decolonization,which the author indicates that it is a process that entailsaddressing historic trauma, as well as unraveling the terribleaftereffects of colonization. According to the article, historictrauma theory claims that people can be traumatized by occurrencesthat happened before their birth. Therefore, there is an associationamid history, political, social, economic, and personal experiences.Individuals require therapeutic assistance to heal from personalwounds or to handle depression, or impacts of sexual and physicalabuse. Furthermore, the article discusses promising healingactivities. According to the author, promising healing practicesdescribe approaches, models, initiatives, and techniques that aregrounded on indigenous experience, which leads to positive changes inthe lives of individuals. In addition, the author posits that thereare several similarities and differences in the indigenous techniquesto healing in Greenland, Australia, the United States, and NewZealand.

Bombay,A., Matheson, K. &amp Anisman, H. (2014). Originsof Lateral Violence in Aboriginal Communities: A Preliminary Study ofStudent-to-Student Abuse in Residential Schools.Ottawa: The Aboriginal Healing Foundation. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ahf.ca/downloads/lateral-violence-english.pdf

Thisarticle seeks to establish what student-to-student mishandling is, aswell as why it happened. In getting the information discussed in thearticle, the authors focused on conducting interviews involvingservice employees who worked with suburban school survivors.According to the article, learner-to-learner abuse in the suburbanschools were shared happenings and took different procedures, whichincluded bullying and varied blends of physical, emotional, andsexual ferocity committed by school mates. The authors claim that theeffects of learner-to-learner abuse on victims, communities, andperpetrators contributed to several unique adverse outcomes. Besides,according to the authors, regardless of who the culprits were, themishandlings that happened at suburban schools were anticipated tohave led to deep and persistent results on folks in view of the earlyage they encountered trauma, as well as the inadequate copingresources the kids had in handling the stressors. The articlediscusses different aspects that lead to learner-to-learner abuse.These factors include traumatic responses to mishandling, schoolstaff explicitly teaching or forcing kids to abuse other learners,extensive physical neglect in residential schools, and staff makingresidential school learners feel powerless. Furthermore, the articleprovides that suburban schools have impacted community welfaregenerally. Their impacts are linked to the large percentage ofcommunity affiliates still addressing intergenerational consequencesdirectly or indirectly. The progression of collective suffering,which exists, seems to lead to ubiquitous health and social problems.The adverse effects of student-to-student abuse are usuallyreinforced by insufficient responses.

Hawthorn,T. (2014). IndianSchool Survivor Alvin Dixon Spoke Out for Truth. TheGlobe and Mail.Retrieved fromhttp://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/indian-school-survivor-alvin-dixon-spoke-out-for-truth/article19979340/?page=all

Thisarticle shares the story of Alvin Dixon and how he survived sufferingas he went through school life. According to the article, Dixonexperienced serious beating at the age of 10, when he was sent to aresidential Indian school. At this age, he was beaten at the schoolwith a strap because of speaking the only language that he knew, themistake being that it was not English. From the story shared in thearticle, the residential school was being operated by the UnitedChurch and it was not after a long time that it was revealed that itwas a ground for sadists, who used to make helpless children sufferin the name of civilization. From the article, the author points outthat the form of suffering that Dixon and other helpless kids wentthrough was shocking due to its cruelty. According to the author,Dixon was expected by the molesters to fill out a form that provideddetails concerning what he consumed after every meal. The astonishingthing is that it came to be established that the boys who were madeto suffer were subjects of experiments carried out by the CanadianRed Cross and the federal government in order to determine theminimum nutrition that they needed to survive. From the article,Dixon was in a position to survive the residential school, despitethe suffering that he experienced. Indeed, he was capable of earninga university degree and provided counseling services to otherresidential school survivors. The author argues that Dixon became avoice of the wronged individuals and acted as an activist within thechurch that operated the school. The article presents Dixon as anachiever since he eventually became a driving force towards a publicinquiry that resulted in the development of the Truth andReconciliation Commission. Furthermore, although he went throughphysical and sexual abuse just like most of the kids, he emergedstrong and survived the ordeal.

Wikipedia(2017). NewZealand Wars.Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand_Wars

Thearticle provides information concerning the New Zealand Wars, whichwere several armed fights that were in New Zealand between theindigenous Maori and the New Zealand government. The article providesa background of the conflicts, information of the wars, the strategyand tactics used, the participants in the conflicts, the weaponsutilized, as well as the aftermath of the wars. Some of theconflicts discussed by the article include the Wairau Affray, theNorthern War, the First Taranaki War, and the East Cape War amongothers. According to the article, participants in the conflicts haddifferent war tactics and strategies. The British were involved inusing European-style war, which entailed engaging opposite forces,surrounding, and capturing positions. Alternatively, the Maorifighters had perfected fighting through developing defensivepositions. From the article, vast areas of land became repossessedfrom the Maori by the administration following the conflicts. Despitearound half of the land being returned to the Maori management, theoriginal owners did not receive it. There were social and economicimpacts resulting from the wars and the Maori tribes were the oneswho became affected.

Summary

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Theessay is a summary of an annual report on the causes of maternaldeaths in Maryland. Since 1987, maternal mortality rate (MMR) hasincreased, and in 2010 the approximate number was 20.6 maternaldeaths per 100,000 live births (O’Malley, Brown, Sharfstein, &ampHerrera, 2013). According to the report, Maryland’s maternalmortality rate between 2006 and 2010 was higher than the nationalrate. The increased rate was due to the use of other methods ofidentifying maternal deaths such as the revision of the Marylanddeath certificate to include questions regarding pregnancy in theyear before the death. The report also indicates that racialdisparity is a significant factor in determining MMR between blackand white women. Black women were found to have a high MMR rate morethan white women.

Toidentify accurate data, the report used various methodologies such asthe utilization of the pregnancy checkbox and linking of deathcertificates for women of ages 10 to 50 years with birth and fetaldeath certificates to determine other existing cases. The reportfound that pregnancy-associated deaths were caused bynon-cardiovascular medical conditions and hemorrhage (O’Malley,Brown, Sharfstein, &amp Herrera, 2013). Other causes of deaths werecardiomyopathy, injuries, and substance abuse. 29 percent ofpregnancy-related deaths were caused by hemorrhage, 18 percent fromcardiomyopathy, and 29 percent from other medical conditions.Non-Hispanic black women recorded a 71 and 29.3 percent pregnancyassociated and related deaths than non-Hispanic whites, 57.0 and 15.0percent.

Thereport should have mentioned other causes of mortality deaths inMaryland such as amniotic fluid embolism, pregnancy inducedhypertension, and thrombotic pulmonary embolism. According toresearch by Hogan, Rutherford, and Mitchell (2015), the causesmentioned above were found to cause significant pregnancy associatedand related deaths.

References

Hogan,L., Rutherford, B. K., &amp Mitchell, V.T. (2015). Marylandmaternal mortality review 2015 annual report. Baltimore,Md: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.

O’Malley,M., Brown, A.G., Sharfstein, A. M., &amp Herrera, L. (2013).Marylandmaternal mortality review 2013 annual report. Baltimore,Md: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.