The Implications of Rwandan Genocide

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TheImplications of Rwandan Genocide

TheImplications of Rwandan Genocide

Theyear 1994 marked a new dawn for Rwanda after hell broke loose. Awell-executed genocide had taken root in most towns of the relativelydormant and silent country. It was highly unanticipated, but when ittook place, it left the country desolate and highly fragmented.People killed each other mercilessly, oblivious of the massivedamages that they would cause in their country. The gruesomekillings never spared anybody from toddlers to the old as they allsuffered the same fate. It is estimated that between 500,000 to800,000 people, mainly Tutsis died. The government did so little toprevent its people from engaging in the civil war, despite that itcould have been prevented. The country, although it is in the healingprocess, still breeds from the pangs of this obnoxious andregrettable war which are attributable to failure of humanity.

Thoseaffected by the genocide never found inner peace, upon rememberingthe events that took place during the genocide. Virtually everycitizen who was alive at the time is still in the healing process forthe psychological trauma they faced during this period. Life hasnever been the same again for Rwandese, despite the fact that muchhave been done to assist them to overcome the pains inflicted on themby their fellow countrymen. According to Scheffer (2012), theHolocaust left a myriad of health problems that Rwanda citizens haveto grapple with. The country still bears a heavy burden of dealingwith the health implications that were occasioned by the saidgenocide.

Healthramifications of Rwandan Genocide

HIVand AIDs Virus

Mostwomen were overpowered and raped by the insurgents from rival tribes.They went through sexual violence that led to major implications intheir health conditions. Most of the women were taken as sexualslaves whereby they were mistreated and humiliated. As a result, mostof them surfed from HIV/AIDs which continues to ravage them to date.They have been degraded and prejudiced by their colleagues. A lot ofgenocide victims have been stigmatized by the society, for sufferingfrom AIDs causing most of them to commit suicide, as asserted byBartrop (2012). Despite not all cases of HIV/AIDs are associated withthe genocide, a substantial number are inseparable from the same.Some children who were born shortly after the war have been diagnosedwith the deadly disease, as most of their mothers were victims ofrape. The perpetrators of rape during the genocide did so willinglywith a sole purpose of affecting women with the disease.

MentalHealth Problems

Theunprecedented and unspeakable genocide left many people withpost-traumatic stress disorders, as stated by Lindert &amp Levav(2015). At least 11%of the citizens suffer from Post traumatic andstress disorders. This has been necessitated by the fond memoriesthey have about the occurrences of the historic genocide. Those whodirectly witnessed the macabre events that involved mass murder ofother people have been going tragic times in their lives. Due todepression and anxiety genocide, victims have virtually becomeincapacitated as they fight to endure the harsh and unforgivingmemories and adjust to normal life (Waller, 2016). It has becomenaturally devastating insofar as living a normal life is concernedfor most affected individuals since the past scars of 1994 are notfully healed. Some of the people who were forced to participate inthe war against their wish also suffer emotional trauma since theyregret the roles they played in perpetuating the murder of innocentcitizens.

PhysicalInjuries and Disabilities

Manypeople sustained gunshot wounds and deep cuts in their bodies as aresult of the massacre. Some lost various parts of their bodies suchas legs and arms and cannot effectively do their duties. Most womenwere also mutilated during the rape ordeals, making them sufferirretrievable injuries. During the genocide, women suffered the worstinjuries as they were subjected to torture whereby their sexualorgans were mercilessly mutilated with crude weapons (Brouwer, Chu, &ampMuscati, 2012). Most of the people injured during the genocide inRwanda have become a burden to their relatives and friends as theyhave to keep on relying on them for physical support. Victims usuallyattend hospital sessions to get treatment for various organs, whichis an incredibly expensive and painful undertaking. Others are alsobedridden in their homes due to the permanent physical complicationsthey suffered.

Despitemany challenges that survivors of the Rwandan genocide have had toendure, the government together with other internationalorganizations have been steadfast in facilitating the mental andphysical rehabilitation of those who were affected. The government ofRwanda has made significant strides by establishing a mental healthsystem to assist those with trauma to recover fully. It has also beenconsistent in its pursuit of cohesionbetween the communities whichwere involved in war. Furthermore, the victims have been empoweredto start a new life and be self-reliant as a way of managing traumathey have been facing since the war broke out. It is through suchefforts that the people of Rwanda have come to appreciate the need tolive peacefully and love one another without overlooking theirtribes.


Bartrop,P. R. (2012). Abiographical encyclopaedia of contemporary genocide portraits of eviland good.Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO.

Brouwer,A.-M. d., Chu, S., &amp Muscati, S. (2012). Themen who killed me: Rwandan survivors of sexual violence.Vancouver B.C.: Douglas &amp McIntyre.

Lindert,J., &amp Levav, I. (2015). Violenceand mental health: Its manifold faces.Dordrecht: Springer.

Scheffer,D. (2012). Allthe missing souls: A personal history of the war crimes tribunals.Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Waller,J. (2016). Confrontingevil: Engaging our responsibility to prevent genocide.Oxford New York: Oxford University Press.