THE NORTH KOREA NUCLEAR CRISIS 6
TheNorth Korea Nuclear Crisis
TheNorth Korea Nuclear Crisis
TheNorth Korea nuclear crisis has used several tactics to approachvarious negotiations facing the country. Such tactics include the useof threats and brinkmanship tactics, crisis escalation as well ascreating situations whereby other parties feel forced to take actionto save off counterparts of North Korea (Kwak, 2016). Also,negotiators of North Korea have persistently used direct bilateralnegotiation with America both for legitimating and prestige purposesas well as part of a way of maximizing gains and dividing partieswith similar interests. In the end, the nuclear crisis in North Koreahas come with several threats and much deterrence.
Threatsof North Korean Nuclear Crisis
Accordingto Er WIN Tan (2013), “TheNorth Koreans can’t be trusted!” isa common phrase that has been used to describe the threat that NorthKorea poses to other nations because of its nuclear as well asmissile programs of the ruling Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea. For instance, the United States lives in constant fear ofNorth Korea that has been been conducting repeated tests of longrange Taepodong missiles. North Korea has also been testing nucleardevices that Pyongyang is intending on developing soon. The fact thatNorth Korea is planning on developing nuclear weapons that defy theregulations of the Nuclear Non Proliferations Treaty (NPT) givesneighboring countries something to ponder in regard to their nationalsecurity.
Havingvast information on the production and development of various nuclearweapons by North Korea is a real threat to North American continentbecause of the nuclear sized payload involved (Joo & Kwak, 2013).For example, North Korea can reverse engineering of SCUD-B as well asSCUD-C missiles something that has facilitated the exponentialgrowth of the range and variety of North Korea’s missiles. As well,North Korea can produce missile 600 SCUD-B/-C, 150 Ndong and tens ofTaepo-dong-1. It is also reported that the country is developing longrange ICBMs that have the potential of turning North America upsidedown.
Theother threat of North Korea Nuclear Crisis is that the DemocraticPeople’s Republic of Korea possessesan active nuclear weapons program. Having an active program impliesthat North Korea is in clear position to use its nuclear weapon whennecessary. This is bad news for any country that may initiate warwith North Korea. In addition, North Korea has tested nuclearexplosive devices whereby the testing has been done several timesover the years since 2006 to 2016 (NTI, 2017). Having testedexplosive devices implies that the devices have been confirmed to befunctional as well as confirmed to have devastating and catastrophiceffects when they are detonated.
Furthermore,as a threat of the North Korean Nuclear Crisis, the DPRK has theability of enriching uranium. In most cases, enriched uranium is avital component for generation of military nuclear weapon. Enricheduranium is used in the generation of nuclear bombs that is a hugethreat to human life and destruction of property when used in anywar. Besides, North Korea can produce weapons-grade plutonium that isdangerous in the generation of nuclear weapons (NTI, 2017). NorthKorea nuclear crisis also poses a regional threat because of itsballistic missile programs whereby the country successfully launchedrockets of long range in both 2012 and 2016. Above all, the biggestthreat of the North Korea nuclear energy is its nuclear weaponcapability whereby it is believed that as a country, North Korea haschemical and biological weapons programs.
Therehave been several attempts by the United States and other nations totry to stop North Korea from becoming a nuclear weapons state.Several attempts have been made during the time of the grandfatherand father of North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un (Shultz & Goodby,2015). However, the current leader, Kim Jong-un seems to be verypowerful and smart for any state trying any form of nuclear weapondeterrence on North Korea. For instance, through previous deterrenceinstances, North Korea has dispersed their nuclear facilities withsome of them being shifted to deep underground. Nonetheless, adetermined America or any other country such as Japan could tryseveral ways of nuclear deterrence such as blowing up all nuclearfacilities of North Korea. As well, the United States may opt ontightening sanctions despite the fact that North Korea is alreadyisolated (Kaplan, 2016).
Onthe same note, the United States could coax China to come up with astrategy to end North Korea’s hopes of becoming a nuclear weaponstate. This is because gas, oil and other luxury goods of the eliteclass of North Korea are let through the Chinese border (Kaplan,2016). Four American presidents have tried nuclear deterrence onNorth Korea, but President Donald J.Trumpcould come up with a smart plan of reopening nuclear arms talks withChina in the attempt to stop North Korea. President Trump could takeadvantage of the good international relations between China and NorthKorea to bring North Korea to its knees.
NorthKorea Maximizing Power and Developing Improved Technology Weapons
NorthKorea keeps on developing improved nuclear technology as well asmaximizing power in order to be become a super power nation likeRussia, United States and Japan. For instance, the DPRK maintainsthat the applied military nuclear program of North Korea is at anadvanced stage, and the DPRK is on the verge of a breakthrough ofdeveloping its own nuclear weapons. This shows that North Korea isimproving its technology every single day in order to become anuclear weapons state (Clay, 2014).
Forthat reason, nuclear weapons program of North Korea has sinceinvolved six governments including Japan, South Korea, United States,China, Russia, and North Korea. Through maximizing power anddeveloping improved nuclear weapons, North Korea has producedweapon-grade plutonium that is estimated to be enough for five toeight atomic weapons. As well, North Korea has since admitted that ithas a program to enrich uranium whereby the United States confirmedevidence of such a program. North Korea has even gone ahead to getinvolved in collaborative programs with countries such as Syria andIran with clear aims of producing deadlier nuclear weapons.
NorthKorea has made several accomplishments through its threats because itis slowly and gradually becoming a nuclear weapon state that BarrackObama said it could never become. For instance, it is technicallycorrect to say that North Korea has the nuclear bomb as it hasalready made five successful nuclear tests. In addition, the yield ofthe several bombs appears to have increased since, in the test ofSeptember 2016, there was a device that was detected to have anexplosive yield of between 10 and 30-kilo tones (BBC News, 2017).Being able to enrich uranium and plutonium confirms that North Koreahas made huge steps to becoming a real security threat to the world.However, in five years from now, North Korea could fully accomplishits dream of becoming the deadliest nuclear weapon state in theworld. The fulfillment only depends on lack of interference from theUnited States, South Korea, Russia, Japan and China.
BBCNews. (2017). NorthKorea’s Nuclear Programme: How advanced is it?Bbc.com. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-11813699.Retrieved on 23rd March 2017.
Clay,J, M. (2012). TheNorth Korean Nuclear Program: Security, Strategy and New Perspectivesfrom Russia. NewYork: Routledge.
Joo,P, S, H & Kwak, P, T, H. (2013). NorthKorea’s Second Nuclear Crisis and Northeast Asian Security. USA:Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Kaplan,F. (2016). ChinaWon’t Stop Kim Jong-un. The US must stand up to both of them.Slate.com.http://www.slate.com/articles/news_and_politics/war_stories/2016/09/how_the_u_s_must_respond_to_the_north_korean_nuclear_threat.html.Retrieved on 23rd March 2017.
Kwak,T, H. (2016). NorthKorea’s Second Nuclear Crisis and Northeast Asian Security. NewYork: Routledge.
NTI.(2017). NorthKorea. Nti.org.http://www.nti.org/learn/countries/north-korea/.Retrieved on 23rd March 2017.
Schultz,G, P & Goodby, J, E. (2015). TheWar that must have Never Be Fought: Dilemmas of Nuclear Deterrence.USA:Hoover Press.
Tan,E, W. (2013). TheUS versus the North Korean Nuclear Threat: Mitigating the NuclearSecurity Dilemma. NewYork: Routledge.