ThePsychology of Jurors
ThePsychology of Jurors
Playinga game of poker with all the other competitors being given a pick onyour deck of card. You have no chance against such competitorsbecause every one of your moves is well anticipated, and anyone ofthe rivals can nail you. That is how the jury preparation proceduresare done or rather achieve their selection goals. These scientificjury selection procedures are not fair at all due to the prejudicethat is overlooked and caused by the belief systems of human beings,the life experiences, demographic characters of people and themindsets. The effects will be felt in close call cases.
Thebelief system of the jury is an important aspect of fair trials. Thescientific jury selection procedures are supposed to be conducted ina way that changes one’s ability to make decisions. Jurors arehuman beings, and most of them tend to make judgments that favortheir understanding of how the universe works. Hence, it is of greatconcern to many people that a juries’ emotional structure doesn’taffect the outcomes of the trial in a way that will not satisfy bothparties.
People’slife experiences help with the formation of opinions and standards towhich they think others should maintain. Histories of abuse and therecovery from traumatic pasts, whether it comes from personal orexperiences of close friends and family members, make the jurors havea soft spot and be biased towards those victims of such. Empathy ofjury towards such alleged victims comes from this experiences. Mostof the scientific selections miss out on proper examination of thepast of the jurors. The past has a tendency of haunting us in waysthat affect everyone, therefore, making the jury preparationprocedures inefficient in handling this issues (Crocker and Kovera,2011).
Thedemographic characteristics of the jurors is an important aspect thatscientific methods fall short for. It is crucial for attorneys tohave the stands of jurors on issues like current and past occupationsand the challenges they have faced in the course of conducting theirbusinesses. That may show their opinions and attitudes on mattersconcerning the trials at hand. Is the juror inclined towardsauthority (authoritarianism)? This mostly affects those trials thatthe defense is against the state governments or the government(Ferrara, 2010).
Mindsetsof the juror is an aspect that affects how they receive andunderstand the story in a trial. It is important that scientificselections consider the mindsets of the jurors and their ability tobe reasonable even in trials that have a lot of pressure. The abilityto have an independent mind is also the other issue of concern. Thatis determined by the understanding of how many under duress decisionsthey have made to the best of their ability and the choice of methodsthey used to effectively and efficiently arrive at these decisions(Bornstein & Miller, 2016).
Inconclusion, the use of scientific jury selection depends on thebelief system of the person. The juror has been through lifeexperiences that shape their attitudes and opinions theirdemographic characteristics and not to forget mindsets that informtheir decision making systems. It is, therefore, required that thescientific jury selections be improved on the basis of the issuesthat have been brought up in this paper.
Bornstein,B. H., & Miller, M. K. (2016). Advances in psychology and law.Volume 2. Advancesin psychology and law.
CrockerB. C and Kovera B.M. (2011). Systematic jury selection.Department of Psychology, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CityUniversity of New York.
Ferrara,L.M. (2010). Thepsychology of Voir Dire.American Society of Trial Consultants.