TheTheory of Multiple Intelligences
TheTheory of Multiple Intelligences
HowardGardner argued a new face of intelligence, which scholars havedrastically incorporated into the educational curriculum. He arguedthat intelligence is not synonymous with reason, knowledge or logic(Armstrong, 2014). In his philosophy of multiple intelligences,Gardner included new thematic areas such as special relations, music,and interpersonal experience. He defined intelligence as the abilityto apply critical and creative thinking skills to solve problems orcreate products that can be used in more than one social or culturalsetting. In retrospect, intelligence is the ability to incorporateresources to fit the circumstantial needs. In this regard, he wasable to identify seven kinds of intelligence that can be very crucialin the field of nursing. They exclude the traditional thinking thatonly identified two types of intelligence namely computational andverbal intelligence.
The importance of understanding multiple bits of intelligence
Thetheory is beneficial in the learning process and generally in livingas a human being. It boosts or develops the intellectual ability andcapacity of an individual in corporate environments. For example, bywatching a performance, listening to, or composing music proves to bea very important door of learning. The multiple intelligence theoryalso enhances authentic learning as per the student’s diverse needsand interests as well as talents. Moreover, this theory of multiplebits of intelligence enables students to share and appreciate theirweaknesses as well as strengths and hence an all-inclusive learning,which can also lead to increased confidence and self-esteem amongstudents. From a general perspective, the theory of multiple bits ofintelligence enhances the social and corporate co-existence betweenthe different factions.
Types of Intelligence and Their Relevance in Nursing
Linguisticintelligence is all about the science of the mastery of necessarymodalities rather that analyzing intelligence as a statutory body ofinformation. This involves the capacity and ability to play ormanipulate the language in a bid to communicate or express oneselfeither poetically or rhetorically. Logical Mathematics intelligenceis the ability and capacity to identify patterns or figures, reasondeductively not forgetting also capacity to think critically andcreatively. This type of thinking is generally or mostly associatedwith the mathematic field and in scientific discourses including innursing. In nursing field, practitioners rely on spatial and personalintelligence to make rational judgments.
Spatialintelligence accords someone the capacity to manipulate and constructbrain or mental figures. This intelligence is vital particularly inthe nursing field when dealing with a challenging situation thatcalls for an in-depth analysis of the confounding aspects rather thanthe physical evidence. The type of intelligence is viable in asituation where there is a wide range of aspects for considerationduring decision-making and implementation phases. Personalintelligence is also crucial in the area of nursing as it equipssomeone with interactional or interpersonal skills that are veryimportant while dealing with vulnerable. A nurse with high personalintelligence understands the distinctive feelings and emotions ofother people. This type of intelligence can be contrasted tointerpersonal intelligence, which entails the ability to discern andact on one’s feeling and emotions. It is good to understand thatthese kinds of intelligence are often confused with each otherbecause of their close association in different societies andcultures.
The Positive impact of multiple bits of intelligence while nurturing nurses
Asoutlined by Entwistle (2015), Gardner’s theory of intelligence,undoubtedly, has several, implications on learning and mentoring ofstudents, especially in classroom delivery and instruction. Thetheory posits that the seven forms of intelligence are vital foranyone or group of people to function efficiently or productively insociety. In this regard, teachers can be an exemption, and theyshould consider this theory as equitably and equally necessary forclassroom engagement. Unarguably true, Gardner’s challenges or evendethrones the traditional theory of teaching that only examined theuse mathematical and verbal intelligence. Educators should bemotivated in this modern society to teach a diverse range of talents,abilities, and skills, as the multiple intelligence requirements tonurture global and all round citizens with the capacity to face thechallenges of the modern world successfully.
Themajor challenge with the multiple bits of intelligence is the lack ofclear instructions. While nurses should depict professionalism, theylack a clear definition of the applicability of the personalintelligence, which is also vital during duties delivery. Forexample, when dealing with the physiology of a patient, who alsosuffers from psychological complications, a nurse might not have aclearly defined course of action.
Improving Learning Using Multiple Bits of Intelligence
Lecturersshould formulate and structure their curriculum including classpresentation materials in a manner that encompasses majority and therelevance of multiple bits of intelligence to the students. Forexample, while teaching a nursing topic such as human anatomy, thelecturers use empirical data indicated in charts and descriptivedata. However, there is no correlation between the objectivity of thelearning and the possible subjective needs of the patient. As such,the institutions should develop curriculums that offer insights onthe applicability of the subjective types of intelligence to increaseefficacy in performance.
Accordingto Ghamrawi (2014), the seven types of intelligence are inherent andinborn in all human beings. The concept denotes that every student,including nursing students, will pose a different set of uniquenessregarding intelligence, including strengths and weaknesses.Therefore, the learner will have individual or unique challenges inunderstanding a topic as delivered in a particular manner, thereforethe need to develop as a matter of urgency, a broad encompassingcurriculum, and its mode of delivery, recognizing the uniquechallenges relevant to each student. For instance, an emotionallyvulnerable student requires a supportive environment to realize hisor her personal and spatial intelligence without biases depending onthe situations.
Armstrong,T. (2014). You`resmarter than you think: A kid`s guide to multiple intelligences.Free
Entwistle,N. (Ed.). (2015). Handbookof Educational Ideas and Practices (Routledge Revivals).
Ghamrawi,N. (2014). Multiple intelligences and ESL teaching and learning: Aninvestigation in
KGII classrooms in one private school in Beirut, Lebanon. Journalof Advanced Academics, 25(1),25-46.
Pritchard,A. (2013). Waysof learning: Learning theories and learning styles in the classroom.