THE WATERGATE SCANDAL 1
The Watergate scandal occurred in 1972 during the presidency ofRichard Nixon (Holand, 2013). Burglars were apprehended while tryingto steal confidential documents and wiretap phones. At the time, thepresident was embroiled in a bitter reelection campaign (Holand,2013). Hence, his aides engaged in illegal espionage to keep track ofpolitical rivals. Reporters from The Washington Post, CarlBernstein and Bob Woodward, received crucial pieces of informationfrom a confidential informant (Holand, 2013). Consequently, PresidentNixon’s complicity was confirmed and he disgracefully resigned fromoffice. In this paper, I will argue that employees should beprotected from adverse outcomes when they decide to reveal criminalbehavior.
Employees should have freedom of conscience since it allows them toreport any incidences of misconduct. Freedom of conscience alsoprotects employees from the threat of victimization. Legal statutesmust also be formulated to ensure that workers are protected from theconsequences of their managers’ actions. In many instances,managers delegate unethical behaviors by encouraging their workers todo whatever it takes to accomplish certain goals (Bazerman &Tenbrunsel, 2011). An organization can manifest its disapproval ofunethical behavior when it provides employees with freedom ofconscience.
Employees should engage in whistleblowing tactics when their workinterests have been safeguarded. In many instances, whistleblowersare considered as being disloyal to the organization. They are alsoviewed as malicious betrayers. Hence, whistleblowers could beisolated and shunned from the other members of their organization. Itwould help to consider the welfare of both whistleblowers and theirfamilies. Many companies have adopted in-house watchdogs andcompliance programs to provide ethical training (Bazerman &Tenbrunsel, 2011). Furthermore, it is appropriate to ensure anonymityduring the collection of information. Whistleblowers must not revealconfidential details until they have received adequate guarantees oftheir privacy.
Indeed, workers must be protected from negative outcomes if theychoose to be whistleblowers. Eternal whistleblowing typically occursdue to several reasons. Firstly, some reporters may be familiar withtrends in a particular industry. Hence, they are adept at identifyingany observable changes that could signify unethical conduct.Secondly, external whistleblowing could emerge due to a secretinformant. In this regard, an employee in a certain firm couldvoluntarily approach third parties with crucial information.
Bazerman, M. H., & Tenbrunsel, A. E. (2011). Good people oftenlet bad things happen. Why. Harvard Business Review,58-65.
Holland, M. (2013). Leak. Lawrence, Kansas: University Pressof Kansas.