Theoretical Framework for Study on Dissociative Disorders

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TheoreticalFramework for Study on Dissociative Disorders

Thevalidity and reliability of a well-written research paper require agood theoretical backup that cats as the overall summary of theconcept in the problem statement. It provides the key insights overthe major issues addressed in the problem of the research.


Useof psychotherapy in treatment of Dissociative Disorder

TheJournal of Traumaand Dissociation Guidelines for Treating Dissociative IdentityDisorder in Adults, Third Revision bythe International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation,highlights on the importance of studying the traits of trauma aboutthe causation of the dissociative disorders. The journal sheds lighton how useful guidelines based on the evaluation of trauma should beunderstood deeply before being adopted as the models forinterventions for the disorder (International Society for the Studyof Trauma and Dissociation, 2011). The significant findings and theaccepted principles are based on the clinical and scientificknowledge that correlate to that of psychotherapy, used in thetreatment of dissociative disorder.

SelectedTheoretical Frame Work: Freyd’s Theory of Betrayal Trauma

Thetheory holds that cases of disturbed caregiver- child attachments andparenting can further disrupt the ability of the child to comprehendand disintegrate experiences and analyze the exposures (Kluft,2010).The theory extrapolates further that the fragmentation andencapsulation of different experiences related to trauma serve tobridge on the relation of the children or other victims of thedisorder and the related caregivers. The sequence augurs well withthe maturation of the victims of the disorders and therefore createsa sense of reinforcement (Kauffman,2013).The Classical condition, as explained by the theory, sets in as asupport factor present in the treatment of the multi-personalitydisorder.


Theuse of Freyd`s theory in the article is appropriate since itprovides a clear rationale based on comparative analysis of thescientific and clinical principles employed in the intervention ofthe disorder (Klein,Mitchell, Abbott, Shandle, Austin, Gilson &amp Redman, 2010).The theory offers new insights on the trauma and the psychologicaldevelopment in different phases of life about the emergence ofdissociative disorder.


Thetheory applies to other clinical cases such as the problem of bipolardisorder and cases of schizophrenia. The same operating principlescan be implemented to minimize the chances of confounding factors.

TheoreticalFramework Critique

Freyd’stheory offers a wider comparison on the principles and the thresholdguidelines in which trauma evaluation should be conducted about thedisorder (Sonuga-Barke,Bitsakou, &amp Thompson, 2010).The inter-connectivity is established through the trials of differentefficacy levels of the psychotherapy.


InternationalSociety for the Study of Trauma and Dissocaition. (2011).&nbspJournalof Trauma and Dissociation Guidelines for treating DissociativeIdentity in Adults Third Edition,&nbsp115-187. Retrieved March 27,2017.

Kluft,R. P. (2010). Multiple personality disorder.&nbspStressConsequences: Mental, Neuropsychological, and Socioeconomic,60.

Klein,B., Mitchell, J., Abbott, J., Shandley, K., Austin, D., Gilson, K., &ampRedman, T. (2010). A therapist-assisted cognitive behavior therapyInternet intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder: pre-, postand 3-month follow-up results from an open trial.&nbspJournalof anxiety disorders,&nbsp24(6),635-644.

Kauffman,J. (Ed.). (2013).&nbspLossof the assumptive world: A theory of traumatic loss.Routledge.

Sonuga-Barke, E., Bitsakou, P., &amp Thompson, M. (2010). Beyond the dual pathway model: evidence for the dissociation of timing, inhibitory, and delay-related impairments in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.&nbspJournal of the American Academy of Child &amp Adolescent Psychiatry,&nbsp49(4), 345-355.