Theory of Human Behavior Social Cognitive Theory

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THEORY OF HUMAN BEHAVIOUR 4

Theoryof Human Behavior: Social Cognitive Theory

Theoryof Human Behavior: Social Cognitive Theory

Severaltheories have tried to explain the human behavior, which isconsidered as complex. The methods endeavor to explain why behavioramong people changes. The theories refer to personal, environmentaland behavioral characteristics as the primary determinates ofbehavior. They are process-oriented and aim at improving a particularconduct. These theories include Transtheoretical model, the theory ofreason action, social cognitive theory, learning theory and plannedbehavior (Parrish,2014).For the sake of this discussion, the social cognitive theory will beaddressed.

SocialCognitive Theory

Thetheory concentrates on how individuals develop their cognitivefunctions and learn through the environment. According to Tougas,Hayden, McGrath, Huguet, and Rozario (2015), the theory states thatchange in behavior is determined by personal, behavioral, andenvironmental components. People learn from one another via theirattitudes and behaviors. Human behavior is learned throughobservation. The view model entails a person paying attention andretaining the memory of what he or she observed. According to thetheory, the kind of environment an individual live in, aids in thedevelopment of character. A person’s behavior can as well changehis or her situation. There is a sort of mutual interaction betweenthe environment and the individual. Human beings have neutral systemsthat enable them to acquire knowledge and skills. People learn byobserving right from childhood to adulthood.

Thecentral concept of the theory can be explained through Bandura’sschematization triadic that relies on three determinates thatinfluence behavior (Tougas et al., 2015). The first determinant isbehavioral, which is the response an individual gets after performingan action. The second determinant is environmental where differentaspects of it influence the person to complete a behavior and finallythe personal where one believes in his or her abilities to achieve apractice. The theory also acknowledges that learning is most likelyto occur if there is a close identification between the model and theobserver. There is a need for a strong sense of self-efficacy toenhance education. Self-efficacy is self-belief in the mastering ofindividual skill. It can be improved through verbal persuasion andsocial modeling.

References

Parrish,M. (2014). Socialwork perspectives on human behaviour(1st ed.). Maidenhead:

McGraw-HillEducation. Retrieved fromhttps://books.google.co.ke/books?id=K9bon0TH_S0C&ampprintsec=frontcover&ampdq=Concepts+and+theories+of+human+development&amphl=en&ampsa=X&ampredir_esc=y#v=onepage&ampq=Concepts%20and%20theories%20of%20human%20development&ampf=false

Tougas,M., Hayden, J., McGrath, P., Huguet, A., &amp Rozario, S. (2015). Asystematic review

exploringthe social cognitive theory of self-regulation as a framework forchronic health condition interventions. PLOS,http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134977.retrieved fromhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0134977&amptype=printable