TheU.S constitution is created under the fundamental laws and nationalgovernment of America which pledges several basic rights to thecitizens. It was in September 1787 in Philadelphia when PresidentGeorge Washington in company with delegates to the ConstitutionalConvention signed the (Calabresi, 2016). Severalevents steered the drafting of the constitution. Under the Articlesof Confederation, the U.S government was found to have failed andthis motivated the framers of the constitution to draft it. Many ofthe political leaders suggested that the economic disaster in thecountry was as a result of lack of national regulation of commerce.The federal government was fragile and consisted of only a unicamerallegislature which lacked the powers to tax the states, support themilitary of settle disputes among states (Calabresi, 2016). After theend of the revolutionary war, the problems of the government weremuch evidenced as inflation was on the rise and business wasdeteriorating. The Shays Rebellion highlighted the ineffectiveness ofthe national government. It was at this time that it was not possibleto suppress the rebellion and with the fear of chaos, there was aneed to amend the Articles of Confederation which later enhanced thedrafting of the constitution.
TheU.S constitution entails seven articles that cover general topics(Kitrosser, 2015). The first article explains about the Congress andthe federal government the legislative branch. It describes theprocedure of election and the requirements of each member to anindividual body. Article two will major on the President of the U.Sand heads the government, states and executive branch. It is thedescription of the duties, office and qualifications of the presidentand vice president (Kurland & Lerner, 1987). Article threenarrates about the judicial branch whereby it states that there willbe one court which is the Supreme Court. The fourth article describesthe relationship between the various states and also with the federalgovernment. Article five is responsible for explaining the procedurefor amending the constitution. The legislature which has three of theeight state constitutions has the powers of making amendment whilethe remaining five have specially elected conventions (Kurland &Lerner, 1987). With the Articles of Confederation, the Congress isresponsible for proposing the amendments while the thirteen states ofthe legislature will ensure approval by a unanimous vote. Article sixdevelops the federal laws, the constitution and agreements of theU.S. This section will authorize the national debt and all thelegislators, judges and officers have to affirm that they willsupport the constitution (Kitrosser, 2015). Article seven is the lastof the U.S constitution and it outlines the procedure forimplementing the newly established set of government.
Thefederal government is made up of three branches, the legislative,executive and the judiciary (Wiecek, 1972). The legislative powersare documented in Article one of the U.S constitution in a two-houseCongress. The Congress has the House of Representatives whorepresents the districts and are elected for two-year terms. Theexecutive division is led by the president who is elected for fouryears. At this moment, every state has Electoral College memberswhose number is equal to that of the Senate and the House. Thejudicial branch is chaired by the Supreme Court which has all thejudicial power granted by the Constitution (Wiecek, 1972). Theauthority is also given to other inferior courts that are establishedby the Congress. The president appoints the Federal judges and isconfirmed by the Senate. The Supreme Court holds the judicial powersof the U.S in national courts and has the authority to apply the lawin whichever case (Kitrosser, 2015). It has the power to sentence,punish and make future actions for the sake of solving a dispute.
Calabresi,S. G. (2016). Friedrich A. Hayek, the US Constitution, andInstitutional Design. Ariz.St. LJ,48,231.
Kitrosser,H. (2015). ReclaimingAccountability: Transparency, Executive Power, and the USConstitution.University of Chicago Press.
Kurland,P. B., & Lerner, R. (Eds.). (1987). The Founders` Constitution.
Wiecek,W. M. (1972). TheGuarantee Clause of the US Constitution.Cornell University Press.